Wolverine (character)

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Wolverine
Wolverine (James 'Logan' Howlett).png
Derived character cover art of Wolverine & the X-Men #1 (October 2011).
Art by Frank Cho.
Publication information
PublisherMarvel Comics
First appearanceCameo appearance: The Incredible Hulk #180 (October 1974)
Full appearance: The Incredible Hulk #181 (November 1974)
Created by
In-story information
Alter egoJames "Logan" Howlett
SpeciesHuman mutant
Place of originCold Lake, Alberta, Canada
Team affiliations
Notable aliasesLogan
Jeremiah Logan
Patch
Weapon X
Death
Mutate #9601
Emilio Garra
Weapon Chi
Experiment X
Agent 10
Peter Richards
Mai' keth
Black Dragon
Captain Canada
Captain Terror
John Logan
Jim Logan
Abilities
  • Enhanced strength, speed, stamina, durability, agility, dexterity, and reaction time
  • Superhuman senses and animal-like attributes
  • Regeneration and slowed aging
  • Indestructible bones via adamantium-infused skeleton
  • Retractable adamantium claws
  • Master hand-to-hand combatant and martial artist

Wolverine (birth name: James Howlett;[1] alias: Logan and Weapon X) is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics, mostly in association with the X-Men. He is a mutant who possesses animal-keen senses, enhanced physical capabilities, a powerful regenerative ability known as a healing factor, and three retractable claws in each hand. Wolverine has been depicted variously as a member of the X-Men, Alpha Flight, and the Avengers.

The character appeared in the last panel of The Incredible Hulk #180 before having a larger role in #181 (cover-dated Nov. 1974). He was created by Marvel editor-in-chief Roy Thomas,[2] writer Len Wein,[3] and Marvel art director John Romita Sr. Romita designed the character, although it was first drawn for publication by Herb Trimpe. Wolverine then joined a revamped version of the superhero team the X-Men, where eventually writer Chris Claremont and artist-writer John Byrne would play significant roles in the character's development. Artist Frank Miller collaborated with Claremont and helped revise the character with a four-part eponymous limited series from September to December 1982, which debuted Wolverine's catchphrase, "I'm the best there is at what I do, but what I do best isn't very nice."

Wolverine is typical of the many tough antiheroes that emerged in American popular culture after the Vietnam War;[4]:265 his willingness to use deadly force and his brooding nature became standard characteristics for comic book antiheroes by the end of the 1980s.[4]:277 As a result, the character became a fan favorite of the increasingly popular X-Men franchise,[4]:263, 265 and has been featured in his own solo comic book series since 1988.

He has appeared in most X-Men adaptations, including animated television series, video games, and the live-action 20th Century Fox X-Men film series, in which he is played by Hugh Jackman. Troye Sivan portrayed a younger version in the 2009 film X-Men Origins: Wolverine. The character is highly rated in many comics best-of lists, ranked #1 in Wizard magazine's 2008 Top 200 Comic Book Characters;[5] 4th in Empire's 2008 Greatest Comic Characters;[6] and 4th on IGN's 2011 Top 100 Comic Book Heroes.[7]

Publication history[edit]

Marvel editor-in-chief Roy Thomas asked writer Len Wein to devise a character specifically named Wolverine, who is Canadian and of small stature and with a wolverine's fierce temper. John Romita Sr. designed the first Wolverine costume, and believes he introduced the retractable claws, saying, "When I make a design, I want it to be practical and functional. I thought, 'If a man has claws like that, how does he scratch his nose or tie his shoelaces?'"[8] Wolverine first appeared in the final "teaser" panel of The Incredible Hulk #180 (cover-dated Oct. 1974) written by Wein and penciled by Herb Trimpe. The character then appeared in a number of advertisements in various Marvel Comics publications before making his first major appearance in The Incredible Hulk #181 (Nov. 1974) again by the Wein–Trimpe team. In 2009, Trimpe said he "distinctly remembers" Romita's sketch and that, "The way I see it, [Romita and Wein] sewed the monster together and I shocked it to life!... It was just one of those secondary or tertiary characters, actually, that we were using in that particular book with no particular notion of it going anywhere. We did characters in The [Incredible] Hulk all the time that were in [particular] issues and that was the end of them."[9] Though often credited as co-creator, Trimpe denied having had any role in Wolverine's creation.[10]

Wolverine made his full debut in The Incredible Hulk #181 (Nov. 1974); cover art by Herb Trimpe with alterations by John Romita Sr.[11]

The character's introduction was ambiguous, revealing little beyond his being a superhuman agent of the Canadian government. In these appearances, he does not retract his claws, although Wein stated they had always been envisioned as retractable.[citation needed] He appears briefly in the finale to this story in The Incredible Hulk #182.

Wolverine's next appearance was in 1975's Giant-Size X-Men #1, written by Wein and penciled by Dave Cockrum, in which Wolverine is recruited for a new squad. Gil Kane illustrated the cover artwork but incorrectly drew Wolverine's mask with larger headpieces. Dave Cockrum liked Kane's accidental alteration (he thought the original was too similar to Batman's mask) and incorporated it into his own artwork for the actual story.[12] Cockrum was also the first artist to draw Wolverine without his mask, and the distinctive hairstyle became a trademark of the character.[13]

A revival of X-Men followed, beginning with X-Men #94 (August 1975), drawn by Cockrum and written by Chris Claremont. In X-Men and Uncanny X-Men, Wolverine is initially overshadowed by the other characters, although he does create tension in the team as he is attracted to Cyclops' girlfriend, Jean Grey. As the series progressed, Claremont and Cockrum (who preferred Nightcrawler[14]) considered dropping Wolverine from the series;[14] Cockrum's successor, artist John Byrne, championed the character, later explaining, as a Canadian himself, he did not want to see a Canadian character dropped.[13][15] Byrne modeled his rendition of Wolverine on actor Paul D’Amato, who played Dr. Hook in the 1977 sports film Slap Shot.[16] Byrne also created Alpha Flight, a group of Canadian superheroes who try to recapture Wolverine due to the expense their government incurred training him. Later stories gradually establish Wolverine's murky past and unstable nature, which he battles to keep in check. Byrne also designed a new brown-and-tan costume for Wolverine, but retained the distinctive Cockrum cowl.[17] Cockrum had introduced a new costume for Wolverine (taken from his adversary Fang) in the final issue of his run, but it was dropped one issue into Byrne's run because he and Cockrum alike found it painfully difficult to draw.[18]

Following Byrne's departure, Wolverine remained in X-Men. The character's growing popularity led to a solo, four-issue, Wolverine (September–December 1982), by Claremont and Frank Miller, followed by the six-issue Kitty Pryde and Wolverine by Claremont and Al Milgrom (Nov. 1984 – April 1985). Marvel launched an ongoing solo book written by Claremont with art by John Buscema in November 1988. It ran for 189 issues. Larry Hama later took over the series and had an extensive run. Other writers who wrote for the two Wolverine ongoing series include Peter David, Archie Goodwin, Erik Larsen, Frank Tieri, Greg Rucka, Mark Millar, and Gregg Hurwitz. Many artists have also worked on the series, including John Byrne, Gene Colan, Marc Silvestri, Mark Texeira, Adam Kubert, Leinil Francis Yu, Rob Liefeld, Sean Chen, Darick Robertson, John Romita Jr., and Humberto Ramos. During the 1990s, the character was revealed to have bone claws, after his adamantium is ripped out by Magneto in X-Men #25, which was inspired by a passing joke of Peter David's.[19]

In addition to the Wolverine series and appearances in the various X-Men series, two other storylines expand upon the character's past: "Weapon X", by writer-artist Barry Windsor-Smith, serialized in Marvel Comics Presents #72–84 (1991); and Origin, a six-issue limited series by co-writers Joe Quesada, Paul Jenkins, and Bill Jemas and artist Andy Kubert (Nov. 2001 – July 2002). A second solo series, Wolverine: Origins, written by Daniel Way with art by Steve Dillon, spun off of, and runs concurrently with, the second Wolverine solo series.

Wolverine appeared as a regular character throughout both the 2010–2013 Avengers series and the 2010–2013 New Avengers series.

Wolverine's first intended origin[edit]

Despite suggestions that co-creator Len Wein originally intended for Logan to be a mutated wolverine cub, evolved to humanoid form by an already established Marvel geneticist, the High Evolutionary,[20] Wein denies this:

While I readily admit that my original idea was for Wolvie's claws to extend from the backs of his gloves ... I absolutely did not ever intend to make Logan a mutated wolverine. I write stories about human beings, not evolved animals (with apologies for any story I may have written that involved the High Evolutionary). The mutated wolverine thing came about long after I was no longer involved with the book. I'm not certain if the idea was first suggested by Chris Claremont, the late, much-missed Dave Cockrum, or John Byrne when he came aboard as artist, but it most certainly did not start with me.[21]

Wein said on the X-Men Origins: Wolverine Blu-ray special features that he has read "Ten things you did not know about Wolverine", which says the character was originally intended to be a mutated wolverine cub, and that this rekindled Wein's frustration. He again stated that he had "always known that Wolverine was a mutant."

In an article about the evolution of Wolverine included in a 1986 reprint of The Incredible Hulk #180–181, titled Incredible Hulk and Wolverine, Cockrum said he considered having the High Evolutionary play a vital role in making Wolverine a human.[13] Writer Wein wanted Wolverine to be the age of a young adult, with superhuman strength and agility similar to Spider-Man. This changed when Wein saw Cockrum's drawing of the unmasked Wolverine as a hairy 40-year-old.[13] Wein originally intended the claws to be retractable and part of Wolverine's gloves, and both gloves and claws would be made of adamantium.[21] Chris Claremont eventually revealed that they were an integrated part of Wolverine's anatomy in X-Men #98 (April 1976). Writer Jeph Loeb used a similar origin for Wolverine in the Marvel continuity, having feral mutants be an evolved lifeform.[22]

Wolverine's second intended origin[edit]

John Byrne said, both in interviews and on his website, that he drew a possible face for Wolverine, but then learned that Dave Cockrum had already drawn him unmasked in X-Men #98 (April 1976), long before Byrne's run on the series.[23][24] Later, Byrne used the drawing for the face of Sabretooth, an enemy of the martial artist superhero Iron Fist, whose stories Chris Claremont was writing. Byrne then conceived of the idea of Sabretooth being Wolverine's father.[25][26] Together, Byrne and Claremont came up with Wolverine being about 60 years old and having served in World War II after escaping from Sabretooth, who was about 120 years old.[25]

Death of Wolverine[edit]

Hunt for Wolverine[edit]

Wolverine is set to appear in the upcoming Hunt for Wolverine which will explore the mystery behind Logan's return.[27]

Return of Wolverine[edit]

In 2018, Marvel announced the upcoming five-issue Return of Wolverine miniseries, which is set to end the trilogy started in Death of Wolverine and Hunt for Wolverine.[28] Writer Charles Soule said that, having returned from the dead, Wolverine will have more abilities, including the ability to heat his claws.

Fictional character biography[edit]

Wolverine was born as James Howlett in northern Alberta, Canada, (approximately near Cold Lake) during the late 19th century, purportedly to rich farm owners John and Elizabeth Howlett,[29] though he is actually the illegitimate son of the Howletts' groundskeeper, Thomas Logan.[30] After Thomas is thrown off the Howletts' property for an attempted rape perpetrated by his other son, named simply Dog, he returns to the Howlett manor and kills John Howlett. In retaliation, young James kills Thomas with bone claws that emerge from the back of his hands, as his mutation manifests.[31] He flees with his childhood companion, Rose, and grows into manhood on a mining colony in the Yukon, adopting the name "Logan".[32] When Logan accidentally kills Rose with his claws, he flees the colony and lives in the wilderness among wolves,[33] until he is captured and placed in a circus.[34] Saul Creed, brother of Victor Creed, frees Logan, but after he betrays Logan and Clara Creed to Nathaniel Essex, Logan drowns Creed in Essex's potion.[35] Logan returns to civilization, residing with the Blackfoot people. Following the death of his Blackfoot lover, Silver Fox, at the hands of Victor Creed, now known as Sabretooth,[36] he is ushered into the Canadian military during World War I. Logan spends time in Madripoor before settling in Japan, where he marries Itsu and has a son, Daken. Logan is unaware of his son for many years.

During World War II, Logan teams up with Captain America[37] and continues a career as a mercenary. He serves with the 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion[38] during D-Day, and later with the CIA before being recruited by Team X, a black ops unit.

As a member of Team X, Logan is given false memory implants. Eventually breaking free of this mental control, he joins the Canadian Defense Ministry. Logan is subsequently kidnapped by the Weapon X program, where he remains captive and experimented on, until he escapes.[39] It is during his imprisonment by Weapon X that he has adamantium forcibly fused onto his bones. James and Heather Hudson help him recover his humanity following his escape, and Logan begins work as an intelligence operative for the Canadian government's Department H. He becomes Wolverine, one of Canada's first superheroes. In his first mission, he is dispatched to stop the destruction caused by a brawl between the Hulk and the Wendigo.[40]

Later, Professor Charles Xavier recruits Wolverine to a new iteration of his superhero-mutant team, the X-Men where he shares a relationship to Jean Grey with Cyclops.[41] It was later revealed that Wolverine had been sent to assassinate Xavier, who wiped Logan's memories and forced him to join the X-Men.[42]

In X-Men #25 (1993), at the culmination of the "Fatal Attractions" crossover, the supervillain Magneto forcibly removes the adamantium from Wolverine's skeleton. This massive trauma causes his healing factor to burn out and also leads to the discovery that his claws are actually bone. Wolverine leaves the X-Men for a time, embarking on a series of adventures during which his healing factor returns. Feral by nature, Wolverine's mutation process will eventually cause him to degenerate physically into a more primitive, bestial state.[43]

After his return to the X-Men, Cable's son Genesis kidnaps Wolverine and attempts to re-bond adamantium to his skeleton.[44] This is unsuccessful and causes Wolverine's mutation to accelerate out of control. He is temporarily changed into a semi-sentient beast-like form. Eventually, the villain Apocalypse captures Wolverine, brainwashes him into becoming the Horseman Death, and successfully re-bonds adamantium to his skeleton. Wolverine overcomes Apocalypse's programming and returns to the X-Men.

In 2004, Mark Millar took on Wolverine with the "Enemy of the State" story arc. Wolverine travels to Japan to search for Mariko's missing nephew, but it was a trap by the Hand to brainwash Wolverine.[45] HYDRA is revealed to be allied with the cults the Dawn of the White Light and the Hand in order to kill superheroes and brainwash them into soldiers. Wolverine kills The Hornet, so Elektra and S.H.I.E.L.D. decide to come after him.[46] Wolverine also attacks the Fantastic Four in the Baxter Building. He is not able to injure the team, but hacks their computer and steals Reed's anti-Galactus weapons before teleporting out.[47] They believe that the next attack will be against Daredevil, but it was a trap to capture Elektra and brainwash her.[48] He also attacks the X-Mansion. He threatens Rachel Summers with a bomb that will kill the students unless she uses Cerebro to kill the president. Instead, she figures out how to disarm the bomb. Right before he is subdued, Wolverine strikes at Kitty Pryde, who phases, so his blades kill Northstar.[49] Wolverine is captured by S.H.I.E.L.D. and submitted to VR reprogramming. Hydra then strikes the S.H.I.E.L.D. helicarrier with all their brainwashed villains.[50] Wolverine is unleashed on them and manages to save Nick Fury from Elektra. Wolverine then tracks down Northstar and the Dawn of the White Hand with three reprogrammed sentinels.[51] He then attacks the Hand's secret base with the last Sentinel and faces Elektra, who is now the Queen of the Hand. It turns out she can't be brainwashed since she's been resurrected so many times. They finish off the Hand leaders, then track down The Gorgon, whom Wolverine kills by showing him a reflection of himself on his adamantium claws. Wolverine is finally able to track down the grave of the missing boy.[52]

In Wolverine (vol. 3) #32, Mark Millar drafts a tale of Wolverine in a concentration camp, who is constantly executed and burned in a furnace, then resurrected, which mentally tortures the camp warden. He does not speak a word in the issue, which suggested to Millar by Will Eisner, to resolve Millar's perception that Wolverine's normal manner of speech would not be an appropriate fit for the story's setting.[53][54]

In 2005, author Brian Michael Bendis had Wolverine join the New Avengers. During the miniseries House of M, Wolverine is able to recall that his previous memories and uses mutant Layla Miller, to deconstruct the world Scarlet Witch created. Wolverine is one of the few characters who can remember the House of M world and seeks out to enact vengeance on those who wronged him.[55] In Wolverine: Origins, the character's second solo series, Wolverine discovers that he has a son named Daken, who has been brainwashed and made a living weapon by the villain Romulus, the man behind Wolverine's own brainwashing. Wolverine then makes it his mission to rescue Daken and stop Romulus from manipulating or harming anyone again.[56]

During the events of the "Messiah Complex" storyline, Cyclops orders Wolverine to reform X-Force.[volume & issue needed] Since then, Wolverine and the team (initially consisting of X-23, Warpath, and Wolfsbane) have starred in a new monthly title.[citation needed] The team was also featured in the "Messiah War" storyline, a sequel to "Messiah Complex". After the events of Second Coming, Cyclops ends the X-Force program,[volume & issue needed] but Wolverine continues a new Uncanny X-Force team in secrecy with Angel/Archangel, Psylocke, Deadpool and Fantomex.[volume & issue needed]

In 2008, writer Mark Millar and artist Steve McNiven explored a possible future for Wolverine in an eight-issue story arc entitled "Old Man Logan" that debuted with Wolverine #66. Millar, the writer for the story, said, "It's The Dark Knight Returns for Wolverine, essentially. The big, wide, show-stopping series that plays around with the most popular Marvel character of the last forty years, a dystopian vision of the Marvel Universe and a unique look at their futures. The heroes have gone, the villains have won and we're two generations away from the Marvel we know."[57]

In X-Men #5, it is revealed that in order for Wolverine to fully infiltrate the ranks of the vampires that were attacking Utopia at the behest of Dracula's son Xarus (when Wolverine thought the vampire virus had simply bested his healing factor) during the "Curse of the Mutants" storyline, Cyclops has to infect him with nanites that are capable of shutting off Wolverine's healing factor. Cyclops can activate them by merely clicking a button on a remote control device he carries with him at all times.[58]

Wolverine Goes to Hell[edit]

"The Red Right Hand" is a group of people who have been wronged by Wolverine and have sworn revenge on him. They trick him into trying to save his girlfriend Melita Garner (who was Mystique in disguise) and then trap him in a mystical circle to send him straight to Hell. While he is in Hell, a group of demons possess Wolverine's body. The demons then attack Wraith while he is at church, then they attack Colossus. The Red Right Hand then start to kill off people that Wolverine knows, like the Silver Samurai. While in Hell, Wolverine confronts Thomas Logan, the groundskeeper of Wolverine's legal father, who is revealed to be Wolverine's biological father.

Wolverine is also reunited with various people he has either killed or died because of him, both foes (led by Sabretooth) and friends. Wolverine manages to escape from Hell with the help of Melita, Daimon Hellstrom, and the Ghost Rider.[59] However, his body is still possessed by the demons. The X-Men find out that Wolverine is possessed and decide that he should die to protect humankind, believing Wolverine would prefer to die rather than kill innocents. Wolverine is attacked on all sides by fighting the demons that still possess him and the X-Men that want him killed. He subsequently tracks down the Red Right Hand and kills their team of killers, the Mongrels. Wolverine fights his way through them only to find that the Red Right Hand's members have all committed suicide, while a pre-recorded message reveals that the Mongrels were all his illegitimate children. Unable to seek vengeance, Logan drags his children to the graves of their mothers before abandoning the world altogether.[60]

Broken and depressed, Wolverine secludes himself in the frozen wilderness and travels with a pack of wolves, eating little scraps of what's left of their kills. Poachers find the pack and capture any wolves that are young enough to fight. Wolverine goes to find his pack and kills the poachers. As he debates going back to the wild and hiding in deeper seclusion, he finds injured children whom the poachers were using to fight wolves for sport. Wolverine returns the children to their families only to be found by Melita and his allies who convince him to come back to civilization.[61] Sometime afterward, the events of Fear Itself and before Schism take place.

Schism[edit]

At the beginning of the events of Schism, Cyclops thanks Wolverine for always being there for him as they seem to finally have come to a mutually spoken and understood respect for each other after years of fighting and rivalry. While at a conference for weapon control, Kid Omega (Quentin Quire) launches a psychic terrorist attack on the ambassadors present. In response, Sentinels are deployed at the conference and are disposed of by Cyclops and Wolverine. Due to growing fears of mutant threats, countries around the world begin to mobilize their Sentinel forces. As Cyclops begins to deploy X-Men around the globe to deal with the threat, Wolverine returns to Utopia to find Hope Summers and the Lights waiting for their combat training lesson. After insulting Hope's team and realizing that Idie is losing her childhood, Wolverine asks Kitty Pryde to make him a doll to give to Idie. Wolverine gives the doll to Idie and eats ice cream with her while news reports of Sentinel activity play and tensions build around Utopia. Sometime after, Kid Omega shows up on Utopia. Wolverine tries to attack Kid Omega when Cyclops stops him. While Cyclops sends a team of some of his most powerful X-Men, as well as some of the island students, to a local mutant museum exhibit as a "show of force", Wolverine goes to a local bar to sulk in his aggravation with the current situation. The new Hellfire Club attacks the exhibit and incapacitates all senior X-Men present. As Wolverine rushes to the museum to help from the bar and Cyclops flies in from Utopia, Idie asks if she should kill the Hellfire Club to help. While Wolverine protests against it profusely, Cyclops tells Idie to do what she feels is right. Idie kills almost every Hellfire Club member left to save her friends and mentors. Wolverine pops his claws at Cyclops in anger that he used a child to save the day, but restrains himself when he realizes what he is doing.[62]

From the wreckage of the museum, a sentinel begins to form. While Wolverine tries to stop the sentinel from maturing, he is thrown into the ocean. Shortly after, Wolverine swims on to Utopia and tells the mutant children that they need to leave. Cyclops tells the students to fight together and that they can beat the sentinel, but Wolverine objects to using children to fight battles. Cyclops doesn't listen and begins to prepare the students for combat. Shortly after Wolverine returns with a detonator to blow up Utopia and orders all remaining people on the island to evacuate. Cyclops and Wolverine's frustration with each other comes to a head when Cyclops brings up Jean Grey saying that she never loved Wolverine and always feared him. Wolverine replies "And if she were here right now, who do you think she would be more frightened of?" The two fight each other in a rage while being attacked by the sentinel and as Wolverine claws into Cyclops' visor, the students reappear on the battlefield to help them fight the sentinel. In the morning, Cyclops and Wolverine stand victorious with the students all living, but Wolverine cannot continue watching Cyclops use children as soldiers to fight these battles. Wolverine announces his departure from Utopia and indicates he will take any mutant on the island who wants to leave with him. While Wolverine does not leave as an enemy of Cyclops and his X-Men, he makes clear he wants both sides to stay out of the others business.[63]

Wolverine returns to Westchester, New York to open a new school, the "Jean Grey School for Higher Learning".[64]

Regenesis[edit]

After the Schism, around half of all the mutants on Utopia accompany Wolverine to Westchester to be a part of the new school. He appoints himself as the headmaster, Kitty Pryde as the co-headmistress, Hank McCoy as the vice-principal, and various other characters such as Rogue, Cannonball, Iceman, Rachel Grey, and Gambit are appointed as the school's staff. Toad is appointed as a janitor. The first issue focuses on the state education board visiting to approve of their school application. As Logan and Kitty give the delegation a tour, Kade Kilgore shows up and tells Logan that he is the one who caused the Schism and he will destroy all that Logan has worked to build up. Wolverine founded the Jean Grey School for Higher Learning, spending all the fortune that he had amassed over the years upon it.[64] On its first day, it was assaulted by the new Hellfire Club, who had been a major force in causing the Schism of the X-Men. Wolverine made it clear that he didn't want to lose any of the kids and fought as hard as he could against the Frankenstein Monsters whom Iceman defeated by making Ice clones of himself. Then, they were attacked by the Hellfire Club, who were in possession of a spawn of the original Krakoa.[65]

Kid Omega, who wants to prove himself to Broo, Idie and Kid Gladiator, reasoned with Krakoa who then joined Wolverine's X-Men. Wolverine confronts the Hellfire Club tells them to stay away from his school, though he admonishes Krakoa not to attack them. Matt Murdock tells Kade Kilgore that he is being sued by Wolverine for the sum of $879 million for the damage he did to the school. As the school is rebuilt, Logan is informed that Krakoa was glad they allowed him to stay and Logan notes the advantage of school grounds that could defend itself.[66]

Avengers vs. X-Men[edit]

When the Phoenix Force returned to Earth, Wolverine sided with the Avengers and went with them to Utopia to take Hope Summers into custody (as they suspected her of being the Phoenix Force's intended host). Wolverine found this particularly difficult to do as he was forced to fight those he once thought of as family.[67]

Cyclops tries to convince Wolverine to switch sides and become part of the X-Men once more. Wolverine is infuriated, feeling Cyclops has betrayed what the X-Men stood for, and did not have the right to determine who was a part of them.[volume & issue needed]

After Hope's escape, Wolverine accompanies her to the Blue Area of the Moon. She promises to let Wolverine kill her if she is unable to control the Phoenix Force; her only request is that she gets the chance to control it. However, Wolverine betrays her by summoning the Avengers.[68] The Phoenix Force begins to bond with Hope, at which point she admits that she cannot contain it. She asks Wolverine to kill her, but he is prevented from doing so by Cyclops. Eventually, the Phoenix Force possesses the X-Men present on the moon, who then return to Earth, leaving Wolverine and the Avengers injured on the Blue Area of the Moon.[69]

Uncanny Avengers[edit]

Carlos Pacheco sketching Wolverine at the 2013 Wizard World New York Experience

After "Avengers vs X-Men", Wolverine gives a eulogy at the funeral of Professor X, where he admits that he wanted to kill Cyclops.[70] Later, he becomes a member of the Avengers Unity Squad, a team created by Captain America to improve human/mutant relations by having X-Men and Avengers working together. The team's first mission pits them against a clone of the Red Skull who had grafted Professor X's brain onto his own.[71]

During those events, a solo mission left Wolverine infected with an "intelligent virus" hailing from the Microverse. While his healing factor purges the infection from his body, the viral agent was still able to suppress Wolverine's healing factor, leaving him in the search for a cure.[72]

Death of Wolverine[edit]

In September and October 2014, the "Death of Wolverine" storyline began after a virus from the microverse turned off Wolverine's healing factor, allowing his enemies to be able to kill him. Heroes such as Mister Fantastic offered to work on finding a means of reactivating his healing factor. When he learned that a bounty had been placed on his head, Logan resolved to find his foe, eventually identifying it as Doctor Abraham Cornelius, the founder of the Weapon X program. After defeating Dr. Cornelius' latest experiment, Wolverine slashed the adamantium container before it could be infected with Dr. Cornelius' chemicals and Wolverine gets covered in it during the process. Wolverine dies from suffocation from the hardening adamantium.[73]

Wanting to possess Logan, Ogun traveled to the Paradise facility to find him already dead, so instead he made Sharp his host.[74] His body was later seen still kneeling on the roof when the subjects led by Sharp escaped Weapon X soldiers looking to retrieve them and escaped the lab in a helicopter, and was last seen caught in an explosion on the roof.[75]

Post mortem and legacy[edit]

X-23 as Wolverine on a variant cover of All-New Wolverine #6 (May 2016). Art by Emanuela Lupacchino.

The aftermath of Wolverine's death is explored in the series Wolverines.[76] Sharp, Skel, Neuro, Endo, Junk, and the "Wolverines" (a team formed from the fallout of his death by Daken, Lady Deathstrike, Mystique, Sabretooth, and X-23) try to find Logan's adamantium-covered body, which is taken by Mister Sinister. The group infiltrate Mister Sinister's fortress to retrieve the body, but it is taken by the X-Men after a battle.[77]

As one of his last requests, Wolverine arranged for Spider-Man to become a member of the Jean Grey School for Higher Learning's staff, wanting Spider-Man to investigate a suspected double agent.[78] Despite the initial hostility he faced from the rest of the team, Spider-Man soon exposed a plan by Mister Sinister to acquire genetic samples from the X-Men and create a new clone army. Storm even noted after Sinister's defeat that Spider-Man's unconventional attitude made him more like Wolverine than she had acknowledged.[79]

Black Widow tracked a knife covered in Wolverine's blood in the possession of A.I.M. to a research facility in Moscow. Captain America and Deadpool went to retrieve it in order to prevent A.I.M. from misusing Wolverine's DNA. Deadpool was given the blood-covered knife by Captain America to do with it as he wanted. Deadpool had recently acquired an incubator that could create new bodies using a DNA sample. Deadpool deferred the decision to bring Wolverine back to life until he had more time to think on whether it would have been what Wolverine wanted.[80]

X-23 begins wearing a variation of Wolverine's costume and adopts his codename.[81]

An alternate timeline version of Wolverine known as Old Man Logan who arrives after the Secret Wars from Earth-807128 is invited to join the Extraordinary X-Men.[82] Old Man Logan was shown the adamantium-frozen body of the present-era Wolverine to prove that this wasn't the elderly Logan's past.[83]

In the afterlife, Wolverine makes a brief reappearance when he, Phoenix and Amanda Sefton encourage Nightcrawler, who has just been fatally stabbed by the Crimson Pirates, to return to the land of the living.[84]

Resurrection[edit]

In Marvel Legacy #1, the time-displaced Jean Grey discovers the adamantium shell in Wolverine's grave has been cracked open and is empty. Meanwhile, Wolverine acquires the Space Infinity Gem after killing the Frost Giant that was targeting it on Loki's behalf.[85]

Later, Logan is shown looking to meet up with Captain America,[86] Jane Foster,[87] Spider-Man,[88] the Avengers,[89] and other heroes, all of whom are otherwise unoccupied and unaware of his attempts.[90][91][92][93] While he initially refused to join the X-Men, he secretly observed the preparations for the wedding of Kitty and Colossus, wishing them good luck.[94]

Infinity Countdown[edit]

While camping, Wolverine was attacked by some Ultron Virus-infected aliens and manage to defend himself thanks to the Space Stone he wields. Wolverine is soon afterwards confronted by Loki for a warning of the upcoming War and many villains who are trying to seek the stones will eventually pursue Logan and the rest of his allies who have the Infinity Gems soon.[95] He then gives the Space Stone to a clone of Natasha Romanoff.[96]

Hunt for Wolverine[edit]

In the months predating this event, someone looking like Wolverine popped up in several comics' last pages, hinting to a possible return of the clawed mutant.

It has been revealed that before the time-displaced Jean Grey "discovers" the adamantium shell in Wolverine's grave has been cracked open and is empty, the X-Men set up Wolverine's 'public' grave in the cabin and were able to get his body out of the adamantium shell by having Kitty phase his corpse out of it, subsequently burying him in a secret location in Canada while leaving the shell as a site for others to attend in memorial of him. The shell is cracked when the Reavers attempt to steal Wolverine's corpse and shortly after that attack, Kitty visits the 'real' grave and realizes that it is empty. Kitty contacts Daredevil and Tony Stark for help finding who took Wolverine, but all are left concerned at the questions of who would even know the location of the true grave- which was known only by a few key X-Men- and whether Wolverine was stolen or 'woke up' on his own as the X-Men also began their investigation, leaving the time-displaced Jean Grey alone in the cabin.[97] At the same time, some of Wolverine's worst enemies hear what happened and join the hunt.[volume & issue needed]

There are 4 teams who investigate independently Logan's body disappearing and reappearing:

  • In Weapon Lost, vigilante Daredevil, Inhuman detective Frank McGee, retired private eye Misty Knight, and multilanguage speaking mutant Cypher search for Logan by following his sightings. After fighting Albert in Canada, the group finds info involving Wolverine's involvement with a group called Soteira.[98]
  • In Adamantium Agenda, Tony Stark tries to buy a superhero genetic code (possibly Logan's) from an underground secret auction, helped by Spider-Man, Luke Cage, Jessica Jones, and X-23's Wolverine appearance when they infiltrate an auction involving superhuman DNA that is crashed by Mister Sinister. While Soteira was revealed to have stolen some of Mister Sinister's work, Iron Man discovers that Sarah Kinney is X-23's biological mother and that one of the X-Men members is not a mutant meaning that there is a genetically-altered sleeper agent among them.[99]
  • In Claws of a Killer, feral mutant Sabretooth, cyborg martial artist and assassin Lady Deathstrike, and Wolverine's long-lost son Daken team up to check the news on their enemy's whispered resurface. When they arrive in Maybelle, Arizona to investigate the sightings, they fight an army of zombies and the Soteira Killteam Nine where its members include Lord Dark Wind and Graydon Creed's zombie forms.[100]
  • In Mystery in Madripoor, female X-Men members Domino, Storm, Psylocke, Rogue and Jubilee fly to Madripoor, once a relatively peaceful hideout for their teammate, searching for clues and fighting Viper and the Femme Fatales who are now joined by Wolverine's old enemy Sapphire Styx. While finding out that the Femme Fatales have also imprisoned a weakened Magneto, the women find that Viper has a benefactor in Soteira. When the villains are defeated, Magneto denied any knowledge of Wolverine's body being stolen.[101]
  • In Dead Ends, it is revealed that Wolverine is in the clutches of Soteira's leader Persephone as her holographic transmission to Kitty Pryde, Daredevil, and Iron Man advises them not to come looking for Wolverine. Persephone tells a restrained Wolverine that it will be over soon.[102]

Return of Wolverine[edit]

This miniseries focusing on Wolverine's resurrection opens with Wolverine having been brought back to life in an amnesic state by an initially unidentified force, forcing him on a search for answers as he learns that he is being hunted by a force capable of reanimating the dead. He eventually realizes that he was brought back to life by Persephone, who has used her ability to revive the dead to restore various people to act as her agents and complete certain key assignments to arrange for the construction of a complex satellite network. The completion of this network would allow her to 'kill' humanity and then revive them in a state where she could control the amount of brainpower they possessed, allowing her to use some of them as drones while others would be capable of more independent action to benefit her regime. However, when she revived Logan to assist her, his restoration also reactivated his healing factor, allowing him to come back to life on his own after his assignment for Persephone had concluded, with Logan restoring enough of his memory to accept that he had to destroy Persephone's satellite base, surviving the subsequent crash to Earth.[103]

Uncanny X-Men[edit]

After the apparent disappearance of the rest of the X-Men, Logan responded to a call from the resurrected Cyclops to meet at a key location, the two fighting off the Purifiers, Reavers, and Sapien League that had responded to Cyclops' call,[104] before setting out to find and restore the X-Men.[105]

Dawn of X[edit]

After intel provided by Moira MacTaggart suggests the probable origin for the creation of Nimrod, Wolverine joins the X-Men to attack the Orchis Organization's Mother Mold solar orbiting space station, a Master Mold capable of creating other Master Mold Sentinels. As his teammates fall one by one and racing against time due to Orchis' premature activation of the Mother Mold, Wolverine and Nightcrawler volunteer for a suicide mission to teleport into the vacuum of space directly on top of the unguarded docking collar's last remaining coupling. The two longtime friends then say their goodbyes to each other, with Kurt assuring Logan that he need not worry about the fate of his soul, as he will be waiting to welcome him into the afterlife. As Nightcrawler is disintegrated moments after arriving by the intense heat of the sun, Wolverine's body immediately ignites into flames and he succeeds in cutting through the coupling before he and the awakening Mother Mold are vaporized as they fall into the sun.[106]

Wolverine, along with the rest of the X-Men who perished in the attack on the Mother Mold space station, is then resurrected in the Arbor Magus' hatchery on the Pacific island of Krakoa using a heretofore unseen 48 hour cloning process performed by Egg, Proteus, Hope Summers, Elixir and Tempus. James Howlett's DNA was provided by Mr. Sinister using genetic samples collected in the past which had since been converted to holographic sequencing and James Howlett's memories were provided by Professor Charles Xavier, who uploaded them into the clone of Wolverine's brain using Cerebro version 7.0 with the data taken from any one of five sets of Shi'ar logic diamonds that store his genetic information as well as his memories, each of which are hidden safely at different locations.[107][108] Forge, using Krakoan-Transmode cybernetics inside the island's armory, provided the Adamantium and the skeletal bonding process.[109]

Powers and abilities[edit]

Wolverine is a mutant with a number of both natural and artificial improvements to his physiology.

Healing and defensive powers[edit]

Depiction of Wolverine using his claws for the first time in Origin #2 (2001). Art by Andy Kubert and Richard Isanove.

Wolverine's primary mutant power is an accelerated healing process, typically referred to as his mutant healing factor, that regenerates damaged or destroyed tissues of his body far beyond that of normal humans. In addition to accelerated healing of physical traumas, Wolverine's healing factor makes him extraordinarily resistant to diseases, drugs and toxins. However, he can still suffer the immediate effects of such substances in massive quantities; he has been seen to become intoxicated after ingesting significant amounts of alcohol,[110] and has been incapacitated on several occasions with large amounts of powerful drugs and poisons;[111] S.H.I.E.L.D. once managed to keep Wolverine anesthetized by constantly pumping eighty milliliters of anesthetic a minute into his system.[50]

A study by the University of British Columbia states that Wolverine's healing factor resembles the axolotl's ability to regenerate lost limbs. It suggests that a novel protein—which the study's authors dubbed Howlett—found in tissue samples taken from him, and which resembles the Amblox protein found in axolotl but is much more efficient, is responsible for Wolverine's rapid regeneration.[112] His healing factor is facilitated by artificial improvements he was subjected to under the Weapon X program (in later comics called the Weapon Plus program), in which his skeleton was reinforced with the virtually indestructible metal adamantium. While the adamantium in his body stops or reduces many injuries, his healing factor must also work constantly to prevent metal poisoning from killing him. When his healing powers were rendered inactive, Beast synthesized a drug to counteract the adamantium poisoning.[72]

Wolverine's healing factor also dramatically affects his aging process, allowing him to live far beyond the normal lifespan of normal humans. Despite being born in the late 19th century,[113] he has the appearance, conditioning, health and vitality of a man in his physical prime. While seemingly ageless, it is unknown exactly how greatly his healing factor extends his life expectancy.

Although Wolverine's body heals, the healing factor does not suppress the pain he endures while injured.[114] Wolverine also admits to feeling phantom pains for weeks or months after healing from his injuries.[115] He does not enjoy being hurt and sometimes has to work himself up for situations where extreme pain is certain.[116][117] Wolverine, on occasion, has deliberately injured himself or allowed himself to be injured for varying reasons, including freeing himself from capture,[118] intimidation,[119] strategy,[120] or simply indulging his feral nature.[121][122][123] Though he now has all of his memories, his healing abilities can provide increased recovery from psychological trauma by suppressing memories in which he experiences profound distress.[124]

Depictions of the speed and extent of injury to which Wolverine can heal vary due to a broad degree of artistic license employed by various comic book writers. Originally, this was portrayed as accelerated healing of minor wounds,[125] though Chris Claremont, head writer of the X-Men comics from the mid 1970s to the early 1990s increased Wolverine's healing factor substantially, though not nearly as much as later writers would. During the 1980s, Wolverine's mutant healing factor is depicted as being able to heal massive levels of trauma, though his recovery time could extend to days, weeks or months before fully healing; often depending upon the severity of the injuries, their extent and the frequency with which they're inflicted.[126][127][128] Wolverine has also stated that his body actually heals faster when the injury is grave or life-threatening.[129] During the 1990s through the modern era, other writers have increased Wolverine's healing factor to the point that it could fully regenerate nearly any damaged or destroyed bodily tissues within seconds.[130][131][132] Among the more extreme depictions of Wolverine's healing factor include fully healing after being caught near the center of an atomic explosion[133] and the total regeneration of his soft body tissue, within a matter of minutes, after having it incinerated from his skeleton.[134] An explanation is given in a recent mini-series starring Wolverine for the increase of his healing powers. In the series, Wolverine is referred to as an "adaptive self-healer" after undergoing numerous traumatic injuries to test the efficiency of his healing factor. Wolverine has endured so much trauma, and so frequently, that his healing factor has adapted, becoming faster and more efficient to cope with increasing levels of trauma.[135] The Xavier Protocols, a series of profiles created by Xavier that lists the strengths and weaknesses of the X-Men, say that Wolverine's healing factor is increased to "incredible levels" and theorizes that the only way to stop him is to decapitate him and remove his head from the vicinity of his body.[136]

It is possible to suppress the efficiency of Wolverine's healing powers; for example, if an object composed of adamantium is inserted and remains lodged within his body, his healing powers are slowed dramatically.[137] The Muramasa blade, a katana of mystic origins that can inflict wounds that nullify superhuman healing factors, can also suppress Wolverine's powers.[138] It has also been noted that Wolverine needs protein for his healing factor to generate tissue, meaning that if he was seriously injured and malnourished, his body might not be able to repair itself.[139] His healing factor has also been turned off using nanites.[140]

It has been suggested that Wolverine can be killed by drowning.[141] He has said that he is not particularly fond of being in the water, due partially to the weight of his adamantium laced skeleton, and that he can die if held underwater long enough - his healing factor would only prolong the agony.[142] The two-part story arc "Drowning Logan" finds Wolverine trapped underwater for an extensive period of time.[143] The second part of the story arc hints that this experience weakens his healing factor and future health.[144] Following "Drowning Logan", Beast reveals that an "intelligent virus" originating from the Microverse has shut off his healing factor, though not before it purged his body of the virus, leaving him as susceptible to injury, disease, and aging as any ordinary human.[72]

Wolverine vol. 3, #57 reveals that when Wolverine is injured so seriously that his body actually dies before his healing factor can repair the damage, he returns to life by fighting with Azrael, the Angel of Death, while trapped in Purgatory because Wolverine defeated Azrael in real-world combat during World War I.[145] However, after Wolverine's resurrection and brainwashing by the Hand, he made a new deal with Azrael that repaired the damage to his soul, negated their previous arrangement, and weakened his healing factor slightly - and the next time Wolverine sustains death-inducing injuries, he will remain dead.[146]

Due to a combination of Wolverine's healing factor and high-level psionic shields implanted by Professor Xavier, Wolverine's mind is highly resistant to telepathic assault and probing.[147] Wolverine's mind also possesses what he refers to as "mental scar tissue" created by the traumatic events of his life. It acts as a type of natural defense, even against a psychic as powerful as Emma Frost.[148]

Other abilities[edit]

Wolverine's mutation also consists of animal-like adaptations of his body, including pronounced, and sharp fang-like canines and three retractable claws housed within each forearm. While originally depicted as bionic implants created by the Weapon X program,[149] the claws are later revealed to be a natural part of his body.[150] The claws are not made of keratin, as claws tend to be in the animal kingdom, but extremely dense bone. Wolverine's hands do not have openings for the claws to move through: they cut through his flesh every time he extrudes them, with occasional references implying that he feels a brief moment of slight pain in his hands when he unsheathes them.[151] During a talk to Jubilee, Wolverine reveals that there are channels inside his forearms through which the claws move when he extrudes them and that he unsheathes the claws a few times a day to keep the channels open, similar to pierced ears.[152]

Wolverine's claws on the cover art for Wolverine: Weapon X #1 (June 2009). Art by Ron Garney.

Wolverine's senses of sight, smell, and hearing are all superhumanly acute. He can see with perfect clarity at greater distances than an ordinary human, even in near-total darkness. His hearing is enhanced in a similar manner, allowing him to hear sounds ordinary humans cannot and also hear to greater distances. Wolverine is able to use his sense of smell to track targets by scent, even if the scent has been eroded somewhat over time by natural factors. This sense also allows him to identify shapeshifting mutants despite other forms they may take.[153] He is also able to use his senses of smell and hearing, through concentration, as a type of natural lie detector, such as detecting a faint change in a person's heartbeat and scent due to perspiration when a lie is told.[154][155]

On more than one occasion, Wolverine's entire skeleton, including his claws, has been molecularly infused with adamantium. Due to their coating, his claws can cut almost any known solid material, including most metals, wood, and some varieties of stone. The only known exceptions are adamantium itself and Captain America's shield, which is made out of a proto-adamantium-vibranium alloy. Vibranium alone is not comparable in terms of durability with adamantium and has been broken by Colossus. Wolverine's ability to slice completely through a substance depends upon both the amount of force he can exert and the thickness of the substance. His claws can also be used to block attacks or projectiles, as well as dig into surfaces allowing Wolverine to climb structures.[156] The adamantium also adds weight to his blows, increasing the effectiveness of his offensive capabilities.[126] His adamantium skeleton makes him highly susceptible to magnetic-based attacks.[157] According to Reed Richards, Wolverine would be unable to move without his enhanced strength due to the additional weight of the adamantium bonded to his skeleton.[158]

Wolverine's healing factor also affects a number of his physical attributes by increasing them to superhuman levels. His stamina is sufficiently heightened to the point he can exert himself for numerous hours, even after exposure to powerful tranquilizers.[159] Wolverine's agility and reflexes are also enhanced to levels that are beyond the physical limits of the finest human athlete.[160][161] Due to his healing factor's constant regenerative qualities, he can push his muscles beyond the limits of the human body without injury.[162] This, coupled with the constant demand placed on his muscles by over one hundred pounds of adamantium,[163] grants him some degree of superhuman strength.[citation needed] Since the presence of the adamantium negates the natural structural limits of his bones, he can lift or move weight that would otherwise damage a human skeleton.[161] He has been depicted breaking steel chains,[164][165][166][167] lifting several men above his head with one arm and throwing them through a wall,[162] lifting Ursa Major (in grizzly bear form) over his head before tossing him across a room,[168] and hauling a concert grand piano, and the platform it rests on, via a harness, while climbing a sheer cliff.[169] Colossus and other allies use Wolverine's endurance and strength when throwing him at high speed in the Fastball Special.

During and after the Return of Wolverine, Logan has showcased a mysterious new ability where the adamantium in his claws can heat up to incredibly high, yet undisclosed, level of temperatures.[170] The mechanics of this power have yet to be revealed; whether it is a Secondary Mutation, latent Weapon X faculty making itself known or a new power gained upon his resurrection is unclear.[171] What is extent is that it's related to the berserker side of his persona, his Hot Claws as popularly noted being tied to Wolverines rage.[172] This new power comes with the drawback of weakening his healing factor, however, as after using them to ward of the X-Men who came looking for him, he lost consciousness for a few weeks time afterward.[173]

Skills and personality[edit]

The essence of (Logan's) character (is) a "failed samurai". To Samurai, duty is all, selfless service the path to their ultimate ambition, death with grace.[174]

During Wolverine's time in Japan and other countries, he became proficient in many forms of martial arts, with experience in many different fighting styles. He is proficient with most weaponry, including firearms, though he is partial to bladed weapons. He has demonstrated sufficient skills to defeat expert martial artist Shang-Chi[175] and Captain America[176] in single combat. He also has a wide knowledge of the body and pressure points.[177] Like many of the X-Men, he is trained to pilot the group's SR-71 Blackbird supersonic plane.[178] He is highly skilled in the field of espionage and covert operations.[citation needed]

Wolverine will sometimes lapse into a "berserker rage" while in close combat. In this state, he lashes out with the intensity and aggression of an enraged animal and is even more resistant to psionic attack.[179] Though he loathes it, he acknowledges that it has saved his life many times, it being most notably useful when he faced the telepathic "Mister X", as X's ability to read his mind and predict his next move in a fight was useless as not even Wolverine knows what he will do next in his berserk state.[179] Despite his apparent ease at taking lives, he mournfully regrets and does not enjoy killing or giving in to his berserker rages. Logan adheres to a firm code of personal honor and morality.[180]

In contrast to his brutish nature, Wolverine is extremely knowledgeable. Due to his longer lifespan, he has traveled around the world and amassed extensive knowledge of foreign languages and cultures. He is fluent in English, Japanese, Russian, Chinese, Cheyenne, Spanish, Arabic, and Lakota; he also has some knowledge of French, Filipino, Thai, Vietnamese, Italian, Korean, Hindi, Telugu, Persian,[citation needed] German,[181] and Portuguese.[182][183] When Forge monitors Wolverine's vital signs during a Danger Room training session, he calls Logan's physical and mental state "equivalent of an Olympic-level gymnast performing a gold medal routine while simultaneously beating four chess computers in his head."[153] Much to Professor Xavier's disapproval, Wolverine is also a heavy drinker and smoker; his healing powers negate the long-term effects of alcohol and tobacco and allow him to indulge in prolonged binges.

Wolverine is frequently depicted as a gruff loner, often taking leave from the X-Men to deal with personal issues or problems. He is often irreverent and rebellious towards authority figures, though he is a reliable ally and capable leader, and has occasionally displayed a wry, sarcastic sense of humor. He has been a mentor and father figure to several younger women, especially Jubilee, Kitty Pryde and X-23, and has had failed romantic relationships with numerous women (most notably Mariko Yashida).[184] He also had a mutual,[185] but unfulfilled attraction to Jean Grey, leading to arguments with her boyfriend (and later husband), Scott Summers. He also married Viper as part of a debt,[186] then later divorced her.[187] It has also been implied that he and Squirrel Girl had a relationship at some point in the past.[188] Wolverine has had an on-again, off-again romantic relationship with longtime teammate and friend, Storm.[189][190]

Other versions[edit]

Age of Apocalypse[edit]

In the "Age of Apocalypse" story arc, the Wolverine/Logan character is again a member of the X-Men, this time using the code-name Weapon X rather than Wolverine.[191] In this reality the events which saw the character's Adamantium ripped out have never occurred, and it is Magneto that helps him to control his feral rages. Most significantly, Weapon X is missing a hand, cut off by Cyclops (who in turn is missing an eye thanks to Weapon X). The claws on this hand still exist, however, which appear by piercing through the metal stump covering the break. Consistent with the main characterization, this version is also shown to be a loner, his back story presenting him as an unwilling recruit to the X-Men. He and Jean Grey are lovers in this reality.[volume & issue needed] Also during the arc, there is a separate character named Wolverine, a mutant altered by Dark Beast, who worked as a tracker for Apocalypse.[volume & issue needed]

Weapon Omega[edit]

Later he offered himself to the Celestials to prevent the planet's judgment and was further augmented by the Celestial technology, yet while he had ascended in form and power, his mind had become so twisted to the point of assembling a deadly group of genetically modified warriors known as the Black Legion and sent them to kill Charles Lehnsherr, the infant son of Magneto and Rogue. He also captured his teammate Storm and renamed her as Orordius after using the Celestial technology on her, enslaving and transforming her into a blind seer made of living stone. He also intended to do the same to Jean Grey, by turning her into the Horseman of Death, but his efforts were prevented by the Uncanny X-Force from the Main Reality, who had traveled to the Age of Apocalypse seeking a celestial life seed.[volume & issue needed]

Age of X[edit]

In the Age of X reality, Wolverine's powers have been virtually lost after he was forced to ingest a mutant 'cure' in order to dispose of it; although his healing factor can stop the cure totally affecting him, it is now so focused on fighting the cure and the adamantium poisoning of his metal skeleton that he cannot fight any more, as any additional strain placed on his system could kill him.[volume & issue needed]

Amalgam Comics[edit]

In the Amalgam Comics community, Wolverine was combined with Batman to create Dark Claw.[192][193]

Amazing Spider-Man: Renew Your Vows[edit]

In the Amazing Spider-Man: Renew Your Vows timeline, Wolverine is married to Jean Grey and they are the co-directors of education at Xavier's school for Gifted Youngsters. They also have a daughter named Kate, who is nicknamed "Shine."[194] In this timeline, the superhero Civil War was averted when Charles Xavier proposed self-policing among the super-powered community. The fallout of this decision tore apart Jean and Cyclops, leading to her marriage to Logan.

Civil War[edit]

In the alternate version of Civil War seen in the Secret Wars event, Wolverine is on Captain America's side, as is also a grey version of the Hulk.[195]

Counter-Earth[edit]

In the Onslaught Reborn mini-series, the Wolverine of Counter-Earth is revealed to have been masquerading as that Earth's version of Hawkeye.[volume & issue needed]

Days of Future Past[edit]

In this alternate reality the X-Men fail to prevent the assassination of Senator Robert Kelly, which results in Sentinels ruling the United States of America by 2013 AD. Mutants fall one by one at the hands of the Sentinels, until only Wolverine, Storm, Colossus and Kitty Pryde (Shadowcat) are left. They are confronted by a group of Sentinels and Wolverine lunges at one, ready to slice off the Sentinel's head, but his flesh is burned off by the Sentinel's hand laser. Wolverine seemingly dies and his charred Adamantium skeleton falls onto the ground. Later on in the Earth X: Heralds storyline, Wolverine is revived by X-51's machine.

Deadpool: Merc with a Mouth[edit]

In the seventh issue of this series, Deadpool visits a universe where the wild west still exists. There Wolverine is a bounty hunter looking to make some money by capturing the Deadpool Kid.[volume & issue needed]

Earth X[edit]

According to the information in the Earth X miniseries Paradise X: Heralds, the second child of the Howletts died in childbirth and the Howletts found and adopted an infant member of the Moon Clan, a bestial race which has co-existed with humanity for hundreds of thousands of years. This Clan, which is also dubbed wolf clan, were mortal enemies of the Bear Clan, to which Sabretooth belongs. Supposedly, it is this Moon Tribe child who was named James Howlett and would grow up to become Wolverine explaining the enmity between Wolverine and Sabretooth in this alternative reality.[volume & issue needed]

It is also revealed that this seemingly divergent sub-species is in fact what the "true" human species would have become if not for the Celestials' intervention and genetic tampering.[volume & issue needed]

In the Earth X series, Wolverine has married Jean Grey; however, they are now overweight and fit the image of a bickering couple. When the Skull attacks New York, Wolverine refuses to aid Captain America and the other heroes in fighting him. Jean, disgusted, leaves Logan, but not before claiming that she is in fact Madelyne Pryor. The two later reconcile, but have not gotten back together.[volume & issue needed]

Exiles and Weapon X[edit]

Another version of Wolverine, originating from Earth-172, was revealed by Sabretooth to have joined an alternative, more sinister version of Weapon X in the Exiles series. At some point in Weapon X's travels, this version of Wolverine was killed. Like other fallen members of the Exiles and Weapon X, his body was stored in a stasis wall inside the Timebreakers' crystal palace before he was sent home to his own timeline to be cremated by his loved ones.[volume & issue needed]

Issue #85 and #86 followed the adventures of several Wolverines from different timelines gathered in an attempt to stop a mutant known as Brother Mutant, a being with the combined powers of Wolverine, Magneto, Quicksilver, Scarlet Warlock (a male version of the Scarlet Witch) and Mesmero. Different teams of Wolverines were gathered and each fell to the hypnotic powers of Brother Mutant. The last team of Wolverines was composed of Patch, an alternative version of the zombie Wolverine featured in the miniseries Marvel Zombies, Albert & Elsie-Dee, Weapon X, a young James Howlett and the Days of Future Past Logan. When most of this team fell before Brother Mutant's followers, Logan and James Howlett were able to contact the Timebreakers and convinced them to gather the original Exiles to help defeat Brother Mutant.[volume & issue needed]

Numerous other alternative reality versions of Wolverine appear in those issues as well, some of them being hybrids between Wolverine and main Marvel continuity characters (Thing/Wolverine, Hulk/Wolverine, Deadpool/Wolverine, etc.).[volume & issue needed]

Issue #91-94 shows Wolverine as an agent of HYDRA which he leads together with the Invisible Woman, with whom Logan has a relationship. They also appear in the following New Exiles series, where he is ultimately killed by an alternative version of Shadowcat.[volume & issue needed]

Future Imperfect[edit]

In the future of Future Imperfect, where Earth was decimated by nuclear war and the Hulk had become the insane dictator known as the Maestro, the now-elderly Rick Jones kept Wolverine's skeleton as one of the many mementoes of the age of heroes, his words implying that Wolverine was killed in the nuclear fallout of the two world wars between the present and his time. Rick was later killed when his attempt to defend himself from the Maestro with Captain America's shield caused him to be thrown out of his wheelchair and impaled on the skeleton's claws, the Maestro grimly commenting on the amusing irony of Rick being killed by one relic while defending himself with another.[volume & issue needed]

General James Howlett[edit]

From the "Exalted" storyline of Astonishing X-Men and X-Treme X-Men vol. 2, General Howlett was a general in the army of the British Empire, and viceroy of his world's Canada. Howlett was part of an expedition to the lost city of Shangri-La. There, his skeleton was bonded with the adamantine. However, he was taken from his world by some means when the Saviour came calling. He was held for a time, but escaped with the help of Scott Summers. Now he is a member of a dimension-hopping X-Men team and assisted with hunting down ten evil Xaviers from various alternative timelines in order to save the multiverse. He is in a relationship with his world's Hercules; however, their relationship is considered illicit because the gods of Olympus are not permitted to consort with mortals.[volume & issue needed]

Guardians of the Galaxy[edit]

In the alternative future of the Guardians of the Galaxy, Wolverine's adamantium skeleton is reanimated and controlled by the brain of Doctor Doom. Additionally, one of the villains appearing in the series, in which Wolverine is still remembered with awe as "the Brood Slayer", is his great-great-granddaughter Rancor, who is obsessed with her ancestor and owns one of his broken off claws. Rancor comes to rule a human colony, which had been founded by Wolverine and other mutants, hundreds of years ago. She came from a long lineage, all claiming rulership by relation to Wolverine. Most were murderous tyrants.[volume & issue needed]

It is, however, hinted at that Wolverine is still alive. Alluded to by several "shots" of an unrevealed, shadowy individual, which included captions and character comments heightening the suggestion. The character is never revealed, leaving the question of who they were unanswered.[volume & issue needed]

While it is a strongly held belief that he will live hundreds of years, this suggests Logan has the potential to live for thousands of years, but how it may fit into Marvel canon is unknown.[volume & issue needed]

Here Comes Tomorrow[edit]

In the "Here Comes Tomorrow"story arc, set 150 years in an alternative future, Wolverine is still alive and part of group fighting against a version of Beast possessed by Sublime. This version of Wolverine is killed when Beast artificially gives himself the powers of the Phoenix Force and turns off Wolverine's healing factor, before beating him to death. This future is averted by Jean Grey.[196]

The Hooded Man[edit]

This version of Wolverine comes from hundreds of years into the future. He is part of a group called "The Last Defenders", who, led by a future version of Sue Storm, have come back in time to save the last of humanity.[197] This future Logan later briefly encounters his younger self at the future Sue's funeral, telling him, "Don't even ask."[198]

During the Fantastic Force mini-series Logan briefly leads the team when they find themselves under attack from various enemies summoned by Gaea the living spirit of the Fantastic Force's now barren earth. Due to the abandonment of all life she has been driven insane and attempts to force them back in to their timeline. After several confrontations and fights, Logan elects to stay behind in the future and to aid Gaea in restoring herself by sharing his healing factor. The two are last seen tending to a garden with Gaea pregnant.[199]

House of M[edit]

Although another reality, the Wolverine of House of M is the 616 Wolverine, retaining his memories from the old reality, including his untampered past. After the House falls, he retains these memories. The House of M Wolverine was a head operative of S.H.I.E.L.D.'s Red Guard, and had an affair with Mystique.[volume & issue needed]

Marvel Mangaverse[edit]

In the Marvel Mangaverse reality Wolverine, not Charles Xavier, formed the X-Men (Wolverine, Cyclops, Storm, Mirage and Jean Grey forming the core of the group, with Rogue living with them).[volume & issue needed]

Wolverine has one set of long metal claws—most likely adamantium and shaped like katanas on his left hand, and another set, on his right hand, composed of red energy (like Cyclops's optic beams) and shaped like lightsabers. Wolverine has incredible strength. He has white hair (it is later changed to black in the new mangaverse) and a strange tattoo on his face, possibly meant to be the Greek symbol Omega.[citation needed] His uniform is highly reminiscent of that worn by Dragon Ball character Vegeta, possibly as homage.[citation needed]

In this reality, he and Cyclops are brothers. Wolverine cost Cyclops one of his eyes, while it is hinted that Cyclops cost Wolverine one of his hands. (This seems to be why one of Wolverine's sets of claws is energy while the other is metal. Throughout this story with the exception of a pair of panels, Wolverine was depicted with two flesh and blood hands, but his right hand had claws of energy, not adamantium. The flesh and blood appearance of both hands continued in the final issue of the first arc of Mangaverse). He is also hinted to have had a relationship with Jean Grey, who had begun to favor Cyclops.[volume & issue needed]

In the New Mangaverse, Wolverine is one of the few mutants to survive the Hand/S.H.I.E.L.D. bio-engineered virus targeting mutants thanks to his healing factor. Jean Grey's rejection of him has clearly left him with some issues since he said he had a thing for redheads and flirts with Spider-woman (Mary Jane Watson) in New Mangaverse #2. It is clear that his advances are unwanted and that Mary Jane is scared of him. When Logan grabs her, Spider-Man becomes angry and tries to fight him but proves to be no match for Wolverine and it is ultimately the Black Cat that stops him. He flirts with the Black Cat throughout the New Mangaverse miniseries, saying "I've always been a sucker for a girl with a nice set of ... CLAWS." It is also hinted that at some point in the past he was Lady Deathstrike's lover.[volume & issue needed]

In the New Mangaverse, Wolverine teams up with the Black Cat, Captain America (Carol Danvers), Iron Man, Spider-Man, Spider-Woman (Mary Jane Watson), and The Torch (Jonatha Storm, Sioux Storm's half sister, this reality's Human Torch) to fight the Hand (some of the organization's more prominent members being Lady Deathstrike, Elektra, Silver Samurai, Sunfire, and a (brainwashed) Sharon Carter).[volume & issue needed]

Marvel Noir[edit]

In X-Men Noir, set in the Marvel Noir reality, "Captain" Logan is a heavily scarred bootlegger operating in the New York Chinatown and adept at defending himself with a metallic claw.[volume & issue needed] Wolverine Noir, which presents a different characterization, presents Jim Logan, private investigator along with Dog Logan, whom he claims is his brother.[volume & issue needed]

Marvel Zombies[edit]

In the alternative Marvel Zombies universe, Wolverine is one of many heroes who become infected by the zombie virus. He is actually infected when both zombies Captain America, and Hawkeye bite him. The virus overwhelms his healing factor, so he can no longer heal from any injury. He, along with other zombies, attempted to slay the Silver Surfer. Wolverine attacks the Surfer but his body is decayed so much that his right arm is torn apart, as his adamantium bones are stronger than his rotting flesh. Eventually Wolverine and the other zombies are successful in killing and eating the Surfer. As a result, he and the others gain the Silver Surfer's cosmic power and wound and devour Galactus, becoming the creatures collectively known as The Galacti.[volume & issue needed]

The Marvel Zombies attack a Skrull planet, only to encounter the Fantastic Four of the 616 reality - currently consisting of Black Panther, Storm, the Thing and the Human Torch, leaving the Zombies eager to capture the FF and transport back to their reality.[200]

In Marvel Zombies 2, Wolverine's lost right arm has been replaced with a cybernetic arm with claws He is loyal to Henry Pym (Giant-Man) and willingly attacks the defecting Spider-Man. When the others realize that the hunger is fading, he initially refuses to let go of a survivor in his grasp until Henry Pym tells him to stop, saying he seemingly loses his hunger.[volume & issue needed] He is one of the last surviving zombies from the zombie Hulk's attack that killed many zombies, and even the last zombies to especially kill the Hulk with his cosmic powers.[volume & issue needed]

After that, he has been teleported to a new world known as Earth 91126 along with the other surviving zombies. During the teleportation, he lost his cosmic powers, and became a regular zombie once more.[volume & issue needed]

Zombie Wolverine also appears in Marvel Zombies Return. In this Zombie Wolverine kills the human Elektra, Iron Fist (comics) and Shang-Chi, White Tiger, Black Tiger, and many of the Hand, thus recently he was one of the few remaining zombies left.[volume & issue needed]

He also appears in Japan, and infects another version of himself, though he resists the hunger and angrily kills him, zombie Spider-Man watches the whole thing happen. This reality's Wolverine joined Spider-Man's New Avengers consisting of Spider-Man, Iron Man (James Rhodes), Hulk and himself. He, along with the rest of the zombies are destroyed by the nanite-carried Sandman.[volume & issue needed]

MC2[edit]

In the alternative future known as MC2, Wolverine and Elektra are married and have a daughter named Rina Logan, who inherits her father's healing factor and senses and possesses "psychic claws" which resemble Psylocke's telepathic "psychic knife". She becomes a superheroine called Wild Thing. Wolverine also has a son, Sabreclaw (Hudson Logan), with another woman.[volume & issue needed]

During the events of Last Hero Standing, Wolverine is among the heroes kidnapped by Loki as part of his plan to bring about the end of the Age of Heroes.[volume & issue needed]

Mutant X[edit]

This version of Wolverine is a member of the Pack a group consisting of Sabertooth, Wildchild and Logan. All three savage and driven insane by the Weapon X experiments. The three roam the Canadian wilderness very much like a wolf pack.[volume & issue needed]

Old Man Logan[edit]

Old Man Logan is a character depicted in an eight-issue story arc in the Wolverine ongoing series by writer Mark Millar and artist Steve McNiven. He debuted in Wolverine #66 in June 2008. Set over fifty years in the future, the entire United States has been overtaken and divided amongst supervillains. Logan lives with his wife Maureen and young children Scotty and Jade on a barren plot of land in Sacramento, California, now part of the territory known as "Hulkland." Logan needs money to pay rent to the landlords of this territory: the hillbilly grandchildren of the Hulk, who are products of years of incestuous procreation originating with Banner and his first cousin She-Hulk. In order to pay the rent, Logan accepts a job from a now-blind Hawkeye: help him navigate east across the country, to the capitol of New Babylon, and deliver a secret and illegal package.[volume & issue needed]

Throughout the story it is said that Logan as "Wolverine" died the day the villains attacked and has refused to pop his claws since, even in a fight. Via flashbacks it is revealed that on the night the world's heroes came under attack by masses of villains, a group consisting of Mr. Sinister, Sabretooth, Dr. Octopus, Omega Red, Bullseye and many others attacked the X-Mansion. Unable to locate his teammates, Wolverine was forced to slaughter the attackers to ensure the safety of the mutant children. As the last attacker was killed, Logan realized that the entire assault was an illusion created by Mysterio, and his perceived enemies were actually his fellow X-Men. This destroyed him emotionally and mentally, and he wandered from the Mansion never to be heard from again, his last action laying his head across train tracks to be run over. Logan notes that while this would never have killed him, it in effect killed "Wolverine" for good.[volume & issue needed]

The story was concluded in Giant Size Old Man Logan (September 2009) with Logan riding off into the sunset, heavily implying that this alternative version of Wolverine is the same character as "The Hooded Man" version, described above.[volume & issue needed]

After the events of The Death of Wolverine story arc, Old Man Logan was brought to serve as a member of the Earth-616 X-Men.

Prelude to Deadpool Corps[edit]

In the second issue, a universe is shown where Wolverine is an orphaned kid at Professor X's orphanage for troubled kids. At a dance for the orphanage, along with Emma Frost's, Wolverine, aided by kid versions of Angel and Colossus, gets into a fight with Kidpool (a kid version of Deadpool for whom Wolverine expresses hatred).[volume & issue needed]

In the third issue, Deadpool visits an earth where he is a dog and Wolverine is a dog created by Mascara X to hunt and kill Dog Deadpool, the first dog they experimented on. This universe's Wolverine has claws. After the battle he is shot into a pool of acid, his fate is unknown.[volume & issue needed]

Ruins[edit]

Spending his time in a bar, this version of Wolverine threatened his fellow patrons in order to get more to drink, but more often than not was given free drinks by the bartender for showing off his "bone disease", bones that stuck out of the back of his hand. The bartender referred to him as "Canuck."[201]

Spider-Gwen[edit]

In the Spider-Gwen reality, Logan was a Japanese samurai that was cursed by a witch to continue walking the Earth for as many lives as he's killed. Like his 616 counterpart, his memory is erased after joining the Weapon X program and gaining adamantium claws. He then decides to work for S.H.I.E.L.D.'s Black Ops department, where his fellow operatives have nicknamed him "Mr. Murderhands." Spider-Gwen nicknames him Wolverine after body swapping with the Earth 616 X-23 (who had the Wolverine identity at the time). He works closely with Shadowcat, as Kitty feels guilty for using her powers to aid the Weapon X Program.[202]

Spider-Man Unlimited[edit]

Spider-Man Unlimited (a comic based on the Spider-Man Unlimited animated series) introduces a bestial version of Wolverine in #6. In this continuity, Wolverine is Naoko Yamada-Jones's ex-husband and Shayne's father. Peter first finds a photo of them together, which shows that Wolverine was a decorated soldier. He later runs into Wolverine as Spider-Man and the 2 of them fight, but then stop to talk as they notice a robber kidnapping Naoko. They both follow the robber and manage to easily find him, due to Wolverine's sense of smell. The 2 of them team up to fight the robber, who transforms into a lizard and is revealed to be Chameleon of Counter-Earth. After they defeat him, Wolverine then says that this neighborhood isn't his home anymore and gives Spider-Man his medal, which resembles the medal that Naoko's husband wears in the photo, confirming that Wolverine is Shayne's father and Naoko's ex-husband, despite the Spider-Man Unlimited animated series confirming that the Green Goblin of Counter-Earth is Naoko's ex-husband and Shayne's father, leaving the identity of Naoko's ex-husband and Shayne's father unknown.[volume & issue needed]

Ultimate Marvel[edit]

Ultimate Wolverine is the Wolverine in the Ultimate Marvel universe. Initially, this Wolverine was a member of Magneto's Brotherhood but later changes his mind and joins the Ultimate X-Men.

What If?[edit]

In the second What If? series (1989–1998):

  • Issue #7, Wolverine was an agent of SHIELD? - Wolverine does not join the X-Men but instead ends up working for Nick Fury. There he becomes Nick's third-in-command after Dugan and helps them against Hydra, A.I.M., and other SHIELD enemies.[volume & issue needed]. When Nick is killed by a Strucker clone, Wolverine takes over as head of SHIELD as Dugan retires.
  • Issue #16, Wolverine had battled Conan the Barbarian? - During the events of the Dark Phoenix fight on the moon, Wolverine is accidentally transported to Hyboria. There he defeats and falls in love with Red Sonja, while also fighting Conan (cutting his sword hand off) and helping both Hyborians against the sorcerer Zukala. In the end, Conan ends up back in the Marvel universe where he prevents Colossus from knocking Phoenix out (thus ending that particular universe), and Wolverine stays in Hyboria with his new girlfriend Sonja. The classic Conan end crawl changes to "Know Ye O prince that in the years following the passage of Conan the cimmerian, There emerged Logan, the wolverine, wild haired, bestial-eyed, magically clawed ..."[volume & issue needed]
  • Issue #24, Wolverine becomes lord of the Vampires? - An alternative story to Uncanny X-Men #159: Instead of defeating Dracula, the X-Men are all turned into vampires. The problem is, Dracula's mind-control abilities don't work on Wolverine, so he promptly kills and feasts on Dracula himself. After drinking Dracula's blood, Wolverine becomes the new Lord of Vampires, leading his vampire X-Men on a killing and feeding spree throughout New York. When the Punisher, aided by Doctor Strange's spirit, inadvertently kills Kitty Pryde, Wolverine kills him, but also recovers his human side and, with the aid of Strange, puts an end to all vampires in New York, including himself, by reciting the Montesi Formula.[volume & issue needed]
  • Issue #37, Wolverine had been Lord of the Vampires during Inferno? - A sequel of sorts to issue 24, the story diverges once more, with Logan killing the Punisher before he can stop the vampires. Wolverine and his brood must then deal with the events of Inferno.[volume & issue needed]
  • Issue #43, Wolverine had married Mariko? - Instead of falling apart, the wedding of Logan and Mariko goes off without a hitch and the new couple make it their mission to free Mariko's family from the dreaded Yakuza, which has been taken over by the Kingpin. They are assisted in this by her half-brother, the Silver Samurai, and her cousin Sunfire. Unfortunately, the Silver Samurai turns traitor on them and assassinates Mariko, leaving a desolate Wolverine to return to the X-Men.[volume & issue needed]
  • Issue #50, Wolverine is killed by the Hulk? - In a post-X-Men battle between Logan and the Hulk, Hulk manages to get so angry that he breaks Wolverine's adamantium spine, killing him instantly. Later, since Wolverine isn't there at a key moment in the Adversary vs. Roma war, the war turns out differently. And as the Hulk goes on a rampage after, there is no one to stop him. Finally Roma magically turns Hulk back into Banner, but by that time most of the heroes are already dead.[volume & issue needed]
  • Issue #62, Wolverine fights Weapon X? - In this timeline, a drunken and dejected Wolverine was never kidnapped and enhanced in the Weapon X program. Instead, a Canadian Marine was selected but the program left him an insane, uncontrollable killing machine who escapes and kills numerous police and federal agents as well as civilians - pretty much anyone in his path. One of the mounties killed is a friend of Logan's, however, so he offers his services to stop Weapon X. Using an arsenal of weaponry and instinct, Logan disarms and finally kills the rampaging Weapon X before escaping into the woods and later blowing the whole cover on Department H and the Weapon program.[volume & issue needed]
  • Issue #93, What if Wolverine became savage? - After the failed attempt by Genesis to put the adadmantium back into Wolverine, our hero goes completely berserk and slaughters Genesis and all of his lackeys. It also reduced him to an animalistic savagery and intelligence, however, that he slowly had to nurse himself back out of. This issue shows what might have happened if he never regained his humanity, however - remaining a feral and savage creature who posed a danger to any around him.[volume & issue needed]
  • Issue #111, What if Wolverine was a Horseman of War? - After the successful attempt by Genesis to put the adamantium back into Wolverine, our hero becomes Apocalypse's Horseman of War with the mission to cull weakness from the earth. Unfortunately, Wolverine is the best at what he does, so he promptly kills Apocalypse and every other super-villain in the Marvel universe before working his way down to any criminal he can find. When the world's superheroes and law enforcement agencies try to stop the murderous War, he turns his attention to them as well - eventually eradicating all of the heroes too. Hundreds of years later, the planetary infrastructure that was set up to protect people from the Horseman of War has made the planet an idyllic paradise. Wolverine, now free again from Apocalypse's programming, lives as a monk named Brother Xavier and teaches the young the dangers of violence and War.[203]

In a recent What If? issue, Logan was present when Daken was born and was able to save him from the people who would have raised him in the original course of events, taking him to live in seclusion in the mountains in the hope that he could raise Daken away from the kind of life he has lived himself. However, despite his attempts to ensure privacy by turning Professor X away when he came to recruit Logan to join the X-Men, Logan's attempts to suppress Daken's darker instincts failed when Sabretooth found them, revealing the truth about his father's past to Daken. Leaving his father, Daken became a brutal killer, roaming various cities and killing his opponents, proclaiming that Logan made him what he is by denying him his heritage. Concluding that he will never bring anything good into the world, Logan stabs Daken in the heart with the Muramasa Blade, subsequently impaling himself to end his own dark stain on the world.[volume & issue needed]

Wolverine MAX[edit]

Wolverine is a lone survivor of a fatal plane crash. The law seems to think he's responsible for it. A mysterious woman who was a survivor of the plane crash, was eaten by a shark only to be seen by Logan later on television. In the flashbacks, he was a man on his way to the West to find peace within himself. He is also approached by Victor who claims he's the same as Logan and they don 't have to be alone anymore.[204] Logan finds a lead leading him to a restaurant in the Roppongi district of Tokyo. He finds out he goes by another alias named Collinsworth. The mysterious woman's name turns out to be Yami. It also seems that he has numerous apartments and buildings in Tokyo as well. In his apartment, he observes some things and opens a safe with claws. It turns out he has a ton of fake identities. As he takes the subway, there is a flashback when a woman approaches him and makes conversation. Turns out Logan is a monk and is Canadian. She asks him to walk her home. Her name is Mariko Yashida. After she leaves, Victor approaches him jokes about how Logan is coming out of his shell and is acting like the Logan he heard about back in Canada. Victor then explains to him that outside of the monastery the country is in chaos. He also explains that guys like him and Logan are in demand because there are no others like them. Victor is working for the Machi-Yako which are helping the Shogunate Clan in their war against the Yashida Clan who, according to him, are rapists and killers. Victors employers are paying him in gold not rice, He attempts to persuade Logan by stating that he'll need gold to win over a woman like Markio. Back in the present, Logan is watching television when the news anchor states that Yami boarded the plane with John Grant, Logan's alias. Logan starts trying to find out why Yami was on the plane. He walks into a bar trying to get some information, only to end up in a bar fight. After some heavy persuasion, he finds out where Yami's family lives. In another flashback, Logan takes up Victor's offer. The two participate in the ongoing feud of the Shogunate and Yashida clans. Victor states that Shingen is hiding in a monastery. Logan is hesitant to fight his brothers. Victor responds: "Who is your true brother"? In the present, Logan arrives at Yami's family house. The father and sister are mourning. Logan explains that he was on the plane with her. Yami's father asks did she die in pain. Logan lies and says it was quick. The father warns Logan to leave the city before it's too late. At this point it is revealed that Logan's flashbacks go back to 150 years ago. As Logan is walking, a citizen warns Logan to run, because he's coming. Logan asks who, and the citizen lifts up his head only to show a grotesque face with his eye hanging out of the socket. The victim answers Logan with "Creed".[205]

It is also officially in the same continuity as Punisher MAX, Foolkiller MAX, the MAX Fury titles and Phantom Eagle MAX as evidenced in one issue where Wolverine got his adamantium claws from a Las Vegas gangster. Other major differences with this Wolverine from his main Marvel Universe counterpart are that his adamantium claws were from Mickey Gold a Las Vegas gangster instead of his skeleton coated in the material or bone claws and that he became a samurai and monk in the 1860s in feudal-era Japan when meeting Mariko Yashida.

Wolverine: Prodigal Son[edit]

Another alternative reality, in which Logan is a rebellious youth taken in by a dojo in a secluded forest when he was found near dead with amnesia. While his regenerative capabilities and claws are still present, his adamantium laced skeleton is absent. with the help of his friend tammarah he is trying to find her father and along with his past[volume & issue needed]

Wolverine: Snikt[edit]

In this comic by Tsutomu Nihei, Wolverine is sent into an alternative future, year 2058 (Earth-3071), arriving there by the hand of the humans of that age in need of a weapon to fight against a race of engineered viruses that grow up to be sentient beings, and who can only be destroyed with adamantium.

Wolverine: The End[edit]

Wolverine: The End #1 cover

Wolverine: The End is a 2003 comic book featuring Wolverine. It was written by Paul Jenkins.

As part of Marvel's The End series the comic details Wolverine's last adventure. The story depicts Wolverine as an old man living in the Canadian wilderness facing his own mortality.[206] Events depicted within Wolverine: The End have been contradicted in other works,[207][208] which leaves the work's status within continuity and a future canon uncertain.

Wolverine vs the Marvel Universe[edit]

In this reality, the Punisher had unknowingly released an unstoppable plague which turns anyone infected into homicidal cannibals after stopping a potential weapons deal involving the Russian Mob. A few weeks later, Wolverine and Colossus are horrified after witnessing Spider-Man kill and eat the Rhino. Later during a mission against Hydra with Psylocke, Wolverine holds off the enemy forces while Psylocke attempts to get away, but she is taken by an unknown assailant who leaves her severed arm behind. Wolverine decides to stay investigate Psylocke's disappearance and the cause of the growing pandemic, witnessing the horrid acts of violence and cannibalism over the city. He is eventually contacted by the X-Men to help investigate Angel's disappearance after the later was supposed to bring lab equipment for Hank McCoy, who along with Reed Richards, Hank Pym, and T'Challa, are trying to develop a cure for the plague. After killing an infected Doctor Octopus, Wolverine finds the Black Bird and an infected Angel, who he is forced to kill. Deducing that the plague may have reached Utopia, Wolverine takes the Black Bird back to Utopia and discovers that all the X-Men have been infected. Unable to save them, Wolverine kills all the X-Men on Utopia.

X-Men Forever[edit]

In an alternative reality continuing writer Chris Claremont's run from "Uncanny X-Men" Wolverine and Jean Grey have begun a secret psychic affair, though Jean remains with Scott for the time being, the professional aspects of the relationship has enough physical subtleties to be recognised by Kitty Pryde. After Nick Fury decrees that The X-Men must work closer with the government, an incensed Logan goes AWOL, but keeps in touch with Jean. Logan is later killed by Storm, who appears to have become evil and turned against the X-Men. His death sends Jean into a temporary coma. When she awakens, an enraged Jean is no longer able nor willing to hide her true feelings for Wolverine. Following the revelation of Storm's involvement in Wolverine's death, Storm is attacked by Shadowcat (who, due to an earlier phasing mishap, has acquired one of Wolverine's adamantium claws in her arm). Storm escapes and is revealed to be working for a shadowy, previously unknown group called "The Consortium". While the X-Men search New York for Storm, another younger version of Storm with short hair appears, and finds Gambit; she implies that she had been kidnapped, with Wolverine having freed her before his death. Around the same time, the older version of Storm is seemingly killed by a team of commandos from the Consortium. In this universe Sabretooth implies, after Wolverine's death, that Logan was his son, and that he wanted revenge on Storm for having killed him.[volume & issue needed]

X-Men: The End[edit]

In the alternative future of X-Men: The End, Wolverine is caring for a crippled Storm and has given up his life as an X-Man. However, after being attacked by a Warskrull, Wolverine and Storm return to the X-Men only to find a crater where the mansion stood. Wolverine along with Rachel Summers, X-23 and a few others were sent to find out what happened to Cable and his team. Wolverine and Jean Grey/Phoenix meet up again. Jean helps Logan break free of the Lady Mastermind and later helps him heal.[volume & issue needed]

Young X-Men: End of Days[edit]

In a dystopic future depicted in the final two issues of "Young X-Men," an aged Logan is one of only four remaining mutants on "Xaviera," a former mutant safe-haven independent state and utopia. Anole, Emma Frost (now calling herself "Diamondheart"), Graymalkin, and an incapacitated and greatly aged Ink. Dust suddenly appears, now greatly changed in her appearance and persona with altered powers. Wolverine firsts catches her scent in the building after a mission causing her to reveal herself. He offers no resistance against her, stating that he can't promise the same from the others. Asking her why she's "doing this," Dust responds that it is because mutants allowed her to die. Wolverine tells her to "get bent," and she immediately kills him, leaving nothing but his adamantium skeleton.[209]

In other media[edit]

Hugh Jackman portrays Wolverine in the X-Men film series.

Wolverine is one of the few X-Men characters appearing in every media adaptation of the X-Men franchise, including film, television, and computer and video games. Australian actor Hugh Jackman plays Wolverine in the X-Men films and holds the Guinness World Record of the 'longest career as a live-action Marvel superhero'.[210]

Reception[edit]

Wolverine topped Wizard magazine's 200 Greatest Comic Book Characters of All Time list.[211] IGN ranked Wolverine 4th in the Top 100 Comic Book Heroes.[212] Empire magazine named him the fourth-greatest comic book character.[213]

Collected editions[edit]

Marvel Essentials[edit]

Marvel Essential editions reprint material in black and white.

Title Vol. Material collected Publication date ISBN
Essential Wolverine 1 Wolverine (vol. 2) #1–23 February 2009 978-0785135661
2 Wolverine (vol. 2) #24–47 March 2002 978-0785105503
3 Wolverine (vol. 2) #48–69 March 2002 978-0785105954
4 Wolverine (vol. 2) #70–90 May 2006 978-0785120599
5 Wolverine (vol. 2) #91–110, Annual '96; Uncanny X-Men #332 December 2008 978-0785130772
6 Wolverine (vol. 2) #111–128, −1, Annual '97 November 2012 978-0785163527
7 Wolverine (vol. 2) #129–148; Hulk (vol. 1) #8 May 2013 978-0785184089

Oversized hardcovers[edit]

Title Vol. Material collected Publication date ISBN
Wolverine: Origin – The Complete Collection Origin #1–6; Origin II #1–5 January 2017 978-1302904715
The Best of Wolverine 1 Wolverine (vol. 1) #1–4; Marvel Comics Presents #72–84; The Incredible Hulk #181; Uncanny X-Men #205; Captain America Annual #8 October 2004 978-0785113706
Wolverine Omnibus 1 Wolverine vol.1 #1–4; Wolverine vol. 2, #1–10; Marvel Comics Presents #1–10, 72–84; The Incredible Hulk #180–182, 340; Marvel Treasury Edition #26; Best of Marvel Comics (HC); Kitty Pryde and Wolverine #1–6; Spider-Man vs. Wolverine #1; Marvel Age Annual #4; Punisher War Journal #6–7; Uncanny X-Men #172–173 April 2009
April 2020
978-0785134770
978-1302922672
Marvel Universe by John Byrne Omnibus 1 Wolverine (1988) #17–23; Champions #11–15; Marvel Preview #11; Avengers (1963) #164–166, 181–191; Power Man #48-50; Marvel Premiere #47-48; Captain America (1968) #247-255; Silver Surfer (1982) #1; Incredible Hulk (1968) #314-319; Marvel Fanfare (1982) #29 April 2016 978-0785195603
Acts of Vengeance Crossovers Omnibus Wolverine vol.2 (1988) #19-20; Fantastic Four #334-336; Doctor Strange, Sorcerer Supreme #11-13; Incredible Hulk #363; Punisher (1987) #28-29; Punisher War Journal (1988) #12-13; Marc Spector: Moon Knight #8-10; Daredevil #275-276; Power Pack (1984) #53; Alpha Flight (1983) #79-80; New Mutants (1983) #84-86; Uncanny X-Men #256-258; X-Factor (1986) #49-50; Damage Control (1989, volume 2) #1-4; Web of Spider-Man (1985) #64-65 July 2011 0-7851-4488-9
X-Men: Fatal Attractions Wolverine #75; Uncanny X-Men #298–305 and 315, Annual #17; X-Factor #87–92; X-Men Unlimited #1–2; X-Force #25; X-Men #25; Excalibur #71 April 2012 978-0785162452
X-Men: Phalanx Covenant Wolverine #85; Uncanny X-Men #306, #311–314 and #316–317; Excalibur #78–82; X-Men #36–37; X-Factor #106; X-Force #38; Cable #16 February 2014 978-0785185499
Deadpool: Beginnings Omnibus Wolverine vol.2 #88, #154-155; New Mutants #98; X-Force #2, #11, #15, #47, #56; Nomad #4; Deadpool: The Circle Chase #1-4; Secret Defenders #15-17; Deadpool #1-4; Heroes For Hire #10-11; Deadpool Team-Up #1; material from Avengers #366; Silver Sable and the Wild Pack #23; Wolverine Annual '95, '99; Deadpool cameo pages January 2017 978-1302904296
X-Men / Avengers: Onslaught Omnibus Wolverine #104-105; Cable #32-36; Uncanny X-Men #333-337; X-Force #55, #57-58; X-Man #15-19; X-Men #53-57, Annual '96; X-Men Unlimited #11; Onslaught: X-Men, Marvel Universe, Epilogue; Avengers #401-402; Fantastic Four #415; Incredible Hulk #444-445; X-Factor #125-126; Amazing Spider-Man #415; Green Goblin #12; Spider-Man #72; Iron Man #332; Punisher #11; Thor #502; X-Men: Road to Onslaught #1; material from Excalibur #100, Fantastic Four #416 July 2015 078519262X
X-Men vs Apocalypse: The Twelve Omnibus Wolverine vol.2 (1988) #145-149; Uncanny X-Men (1981) #371-380, Annual'99; X-Men (1991) #91-93, #94 (A STORY), #95-99, Annual'99; X-Men Unlimited (1993) #24(A STORY), #25-26; Gambit (1999) #8-9; Astonishing X-Men (1999) #1-3; Cable (1993) #71-78; X-Man (1995) #59-60; X-51 (1999) #8; X-Force (1991) #101; X-Men 1999 Yearbook February 2020 9781302922870
Marvel Universe by Rob Liefeld Omnibus Wolverine vol.2 (1988) #154-157; X-Factor (1986) 40, Uncanny X-Men (1981) 245, What If? (1989) 7, Captain America (1996) 1–6, Avengers (1996) 1–7, Onslaught Reborn 1–5; Material From Amazing Spider-Man Annual 23; Marvel Comics Presents (1988) 51–53, 85–86, 99, Heroes Reborn 1/2 October 2019 9781302920029
Weapon X: The Return Omnibus Wolverine vol.2 (1988) #162-166, #173-174, #176; Deadpool (1997) #57-60; Weapon X (2002) #1/2, 1-28; Weapon X: The Draft - Sauron, Wild Child, Kane, Marrow, Agent Zero; Weapon X: Days of Future Now #1-5; material from Wolverine (1988) #175, Deadpool (2012) #27 May 2018 978-1302911829
Wolverine by Mark Millar Omnibus Wolverine vol.3 #20-32, #66-72, Wolverine Giant-Size Old Man Logan July 2013 078516796X
House of M: Wolverine, Iron Man & Hulk Wolverine vol.3 #33-35, Iron Man: House of M #1-3, Incredible Hulk #83-87, Captain America #10, Pulse #10, and Cable & Deadpool #17 February 2010 978-0785138822
Wolverine: Sabretooth Wolverine vol.3 #50-55, #310-313 June 2013 978-0785183853
Wolverine by Jason Aaron Omnibus Wolverine vol.3 #56 and #62-65; Wolverine: Manifest Destiny #1-4; Wolverine: Weapon X #1-16; Dark Reign: The List — Wolverine; material from Wolverine #73-74, Dark X-Men: The Beginning #3 and Wolverine (1988) vol.2 #175 July 2011 0-7851-5639-9
Deadpool by Daniel Way Omnibus 1 Wolverine: Origins #21-25; Deadpool (2008) #1-26; Thunderbolts (1997) #130-131; Hit-Monkey (2010A) #1, (2010B) #1-3; Deadpool Saga February 2018 978-1302910068
Wolverine Goes to Hell Omnibus Wolverine (2010) vol.4 #1-20, #5.1, #300-304; Astonishing Spider-Man and Wolverine #1-6; X-Men: Schism #1-5; material from Wolverine: Road To Hell May 2018 978-1302911591
Wolverine and the X-Men by Jason Aaron Omnibus Wolverine and the X-Men vol.1 #1-35 and #38-41, Annual #1 June 2014 0-7851-9024-4
X-Men: Battle of the Atom Wolverine and the X-Men vol.1 #36-37; X-Men: Battle of the Atom (vol. 1) #1-2; All-New X-Men #16-17; X-Men (vol. 4) #5-6; Uncanny X-Men (vol. 3) #12-13 January 2014 978-0785189060
Hunt for Wolverine Hunt For Wolverine #1, Hunt For Wolverine: Weapon Lost #1-4, Hunt For Wolverine: Adamantium Agenda #1-4, Hunt For Wolverine: Claws Of A Killer #1-4, Hunt For Wolverine: Mystery In Madripoor #1-4, Where's Wolverine pages November 2018 978-1302913014

Thick Trade Paperbacks (Epic / Complete / Ultimate Collections)[edit]

Title Vol. Vol. title Material collected Publication date ISBN
Wolverine: Prehistory Marvel Comics Presents #93–98; Wolverine (vol. 3) #32; Logan: Path of the Warlord, Shadow Society; Wolverine: Agent of Atlas #1–3; First X-Men #1–5; Wolverine: Hunger; Wolverine (vol. 2) #-1; Before The Fantastic Four: Ben Grimm & Logan #1–3; Wolverine/Cable; Wolverine: The Amazing Immortal Man & Other Bloody Tales; Wolverine #1000 February 2017 978-1-3029-0386-2
Wolverine Epic Collection 1 Madripoor Nights Wolverine (vol. 2) #1–16; material from Marvel Comics Presents #1–10; Marvel Age Annual #4 December 2014 978-0785189039
2 Back to Basics Wolverine (vol. 2) #17–30; Wolverine / Nick Fury: Scorpio Connection; Wolverine: The Jungle Adventure March 2019 978-1302916091
6 Inner Fury Wolverine (vol. 2) #69–75; Wolverine: Inner Fury; Wolverine: Killing; Wolverine: Global Jeopardy; Sabretooth (vol. 1) #1–4; X-Men (vol. 2) #25 March 2020 978-1302923907
8 The Dying Game Wolverine (vol. 2) #87–100; Wolverine Annual '95; Wolverine: Knight of Terra December 2015 978-0785192619
12 Shadow of Apocalypse Wolverine (vol. 2) #133–149; Hulk (vol. 1) #8; Wolverine/Cable: Guts'n'Glory February 2017 978-1302903855
13 Blood Debt Wolverine (vol. 2) #150–158; Wolverine Annual '99; Wolverine: The Origin #1–6 March 2018 978-1302910228
Wolverine Vs. the Marvel Universe Marvel Comics Presents #117–122; Captain America Annual #8; Daredevil (vol. 1) #249; Spider-Man Vs. Wolverine; Incredible Hulk (vol. 1) #340; Wolverine (vol. 2) #134; Wolverine Vs. Thor #1–3; Marvel Universe Vs. Wolverine #1–4 March 2017 978-1-3029-0465-4
Wolverine by Greg Rucka Ultimate Collection Wolverine (vol. 3) #1–19 January 2012 978-0785158455
Wolverine: Enemy of the State Ultimate Collection Wolverine (vol. 3) #20–32 June 2008
October 2006
SC: 978-0785133018
HC: 978-0785122067
Wolverine by Daniel Way: The Complete Collection 1 Wolverine (vol. 3) #33–40; Wolverine: Origins #1–5, Director's Cut #1; Sabretooth (vol. 3) #1–4; "The Promise" story from I (heart) Marvel: My Mutant Heart #1 January 2017 978-1302904722
2 Wolverine (vol. 3) #50–55; Wolverine: Origins #6–15, Annual #1; What If: Wolverine #1 September 2017 978-1302907389
3 Wolverine: Origins #16–32; X-Men: Original Sin #1; X-Men: Legacy #217–218; "One Percenter" stories from Wolverine (vol. 3) #73–74 February 2018 978-1302907686
4 Wolverine: Origins #33–50; Dark Wolverine #85–86 June 2018 978-1302909529
Wolverine by Jason Aaron: The Complete Collection 1 Wolverine (vol. 3) #56, 62–65; material from #73–74; Wolverine: Manifest Destiny 1–4; Wolverine: Weapon X 1–5; material from Wolverine (vol. 2) #175 December 2013 978-0785185413
2 Wolverine: Weapon X #6–16; Dark Reign: The List – Wolverine #1; Dark X-Men: The Beginning #3; All-New Wolverine Saga April 2014 978-0785185765
3 Wolverine (vol. 4) #1–9, 5.1; Astonishing Spider-Man & Wolverine #1–6; material from Wolverine: Road to Hell #1 August 2014 978-0785189084
4 Wolverine (vol. 4) #10–20, 300–304 December 2014 978-0785189091
Death of Wolverine Prelude: Three Months To Die Wolverine (vol. 5) #1–12, Annual #1 April 2020 9781302922832
The Complete Collection Death of Wolverine #1–4; Death of Wolverine: The Weapon X Program #1–5; Death of Wolverine: Logan Legacy #1–7; Death of Wolverine: Deadpool & Captain America #1; Death of Wolverine: Life After Logan #1 May 2018 978-1302912420
Companion Wolverine & the X-Men (vol. 2) #10–11; Nightcrawler (vol. 4) #7; Wolverines #1–20 March 2019 978-1302916107

Main series[edit]

Title Vol. Vol. title Material collected Publication date ISBN
Wolverine Wolverine #1–4; Uncanny X-Men #172–173 January 2007 HC: 978-0785123293
March 2009 SC: 978-0785137245
June 18, 2013
Wolverine Classic 1 Wolverine vol. 2, #1–5 April 2005 978-0785117971
2 Wolverine vol. 2, #6–10 September 2005 978-0785118770
3 Wolverine vol. 2, #11–16 May 2006 978-0785120537
4 Wolverine vol. 2, #17–23 September 2006 978-0785120544
5 Wolverine vol. 2, #24–30 September 2007 978-0785127390
Wolverine by Larry Hama & Marc Silvestri 1 Wolverine vol. 2, #31–37; Wolverine: The Jungle Adventure; Wolverine: Bloodlust July 9, 2013 978-0785184515
2 Wolverine vol. 2, #38–46; Wolverine: Rhane of Terra February 4, 2014 978-0785188711
Wolverine Weapon X Unbound Wolverine vol. 2, #47–57 January 24, 2017 978-1302903886
Wolverine Legends 6 Marc Silvestri Wolverine vol. 2, #31–34, 41–42, 48–50 May 2004 978-0785109525
Wolverine Not Dead Yet Wolverine vol. 2, #119–122 December 1998
May 2009
SC: 978-0785107040
HC: 978-0785137665
X-Men vs. Apocalypse 1 The Twelve Wolverine vol. 2, #146–147; Cable #73–76; Uncanny X-Men #376–377; X-Men #96–97 March 2008 978-0785122630
2 Ages of Apocalypse Wolverine vol. 2, #148; Cable #77; Uncanny X-Men #378, Annual '99; X-51 #8; X-Men #98; X-Men Unlimited #26; X-Men: The Search for Cyclops #1–4 September 2008 978-0785122647
Wolverine Blood Debt Wolverine vol. 2, #150–153 July 2001 978-0785107859
The Best There Is Wolverine vol. 2, #159–161, 167–169 September 2002 978-0785110071
Wolverine/Deadpool Weapon X Wolverine vol. 2, #162–166; Deadpool #57–60 August 2002 978-0785109181
Wolverine Legends 3 Law of the Jungle Wolverine vol. 2, #181–186 March 2003 978-0785111351
Wolverine 1 The Brotherhood Wolverine vol. 3, #1–6 February 2004 978-0785111368
2 Coyote Crossing Wolverine vol. 3, #7–11 May 2004 978-0785111375
3 Return of the Native Wolverine vol. 3, #12–19 October 2004 978-0785113973
Wolverine: Enemy of the State 1 Wolverine vol. 3, #20–25 October 2006
May 2005
SC: 978-0785114925
HC: 978-0785118152
2 Wolverine vol. 3, #26–32 June 2006
December 2005
SC: 978-0785116271
HC: 978-0785119265
Wolverine: Enemy of the State Ultimate Collection Wolverine vol. 3, #20–32 June 2008
October 2006
SC: 978-0785133018
HC: 978-0785122067
House of M World of M, Featuring Wolverine Wolverine vol. 3, #33–35; Black Panther vol. 4, #7; Captain America vol. 5, #10; The Pulse #10 March 2006 978-0785119227
Wolverine Origins and Endings Wolverine vol. 3, #36–40 December 2006
May 2006
SC: 978-0785119791
HC: 978-0785119777
Blood and Sorrow Wolverine vol. 3, #41, 49; Giant-Size Wolverine #1; X-Men Unlimited #12 July 2007 978-0785126072
Civil War Wolverine vol. 3, #42–48 May 2007 978-0785119807
Evolution Wolverine vol. 3, #50–55 March 2008
November 2007
SC: 978-0785122562
HC: 978-0785122555
The Death of Wolverine Wolverine vol. 3, #56–61 July 2008
April 2008
SC: 978-0785126126
HC: 978-0785126119
Get Mystique Wolverine vol. 3, #62–65 August 2008 978-0785129639
Old Man Logan Wolverine vol. 3, #66–72; Wolverine: Old Man Logan Giant-Size September 2010
October 2009
SC: 978-0785131724
HC: 978-0785131595
Dark Wolverine 1 The Prince Wolverine vol. 3, #73–74 (back stories); Dark Wolverine #75–77 March 2010
November 2009
SC: 978-0785138662
HC: 978-0785139003
2 My Hero Dark Wolverine vol. 3, #78–81 March 2010 SC: 978-0785138679
HC: 978-0785139775
Wolverine Goes to Hell Wolverine vol. 4, #1–5 January 2011
February 2011
SC: 978-0785147855
HC: 978-0785147848
Wolverine Vs. The X-Men Wolverine vol. 4, #6–9 & 5.1 June 2011 SC: 978-0785147879
HC: 978-0785147862
Wolverine's Revenge Wolverine vol. 4, #10–16 November 2011 SC: 978-0785152798
HC: 978-0785152798
Wolverine Goodbye, Chinatown Wolverine vol. 4, #17–20 April 2012 HC: 978-0785161417
Back in Japan Wolverine #300–304 July 2012 HC: 978-0785161431
Rot Wolverine #305–309 September 2012 HC: 978-0785161455
Sabretooth Reborn Wolverine #310–313 February 2013 HC: 978-0785163251
Covenant Wolverine #314–317 April 2013 TPB: 978-0785164678

Marvel Comics Presents featuring Wolverine[edit]

Title Material collected Publication date ISBN
Marvel Comics Presents: Wolverine, Vol. 1 Marvel Comics Presents #1–10 July 2005 978-0-7851-1826-8
Marvel Comics Presents: Wolverine, Vol. 2 Marvel Comics Presents #39–50 January 2006 978-0-7851-1883-1
Marvel Comics Presents: Wolverine, Vol. 3 Marvel Comics Presents #51–61 June 2006 978-0-7851-2065-0
Marvel Comics Presents: Wolverine, Vol. 4 Marvel Comics Presents #62–71 December 2006 978-0-7851-2066-7
Wolverine and Ghost Rider in Acts of Vengeance Marvel Comics Presents #64-70 1993 0-7851-0022-9
Wolverine: Weapon X Marvel Comics Presents #72–84 March 2009
March 2007
SC: 978-0-7851-3726-9
HC: 978-0785123279
Wolverine: Blood Hungry Marvel Comics Presents #85–92 December 1993 978-0-7851-0003-4
Wolverine: Prehistory Marvel Comics Presents #93–98; Wolverine (2003) #32; Logan: Path of the Warlord, Shadow Society; Wolverine: Agent of Atlas #1-3; First X-Men #1-5; Wolverine: Hunger; Wolverine (1988) -#1; Before The Fantastic Four: Ben Grimm & Logan #1-3; Wolverine/Cable; Wolverine: the Amazing Immortal Man & Other Bloody Tales, Wolverine (2010) #1000 February 2017 978-1-3029-0386-2
Wolverine: Typhoid's Kiss Marvel Comics Presents #109–116 May 1994 978-0-7851-0056-0
Wolverine Vs. the Marvel Universe Marvel Comics Presents #117–122; Captain America Annual #8; Daredevil (1964) #249; Spider-Man Vs. Wolverine, Incredible Hulk (1968) #340, Wolverine (1988) #134, Wolverine Vs. Thor #1-3, Marvel Universe Vs. Wolverine #1-4 March 2017 978-1-3029-0465-4

Wolverine: Origins[edit]

Title Vol. Vol. title Material collected Publication date ISBN
Wolverine: Origins 1 Born in Blood Wolverine: Origins #1–5 April 2007
November 2006
SC: 978-0-7851-2287-6
HC: 978-0785122852
2 Savior Wolverine: Origins #6–10 October 2007
March 2007
SC: 978-0-7851-2288-3
HC: 978-0785122869
3 Swift and Terrible Wolverine: Origins #11–15 November 2007
August 2007
SC: 978-0-7851-2613-3
HC: 978-0785126379
4 Our War Wolverine: Origins #16–20, Annual #1 June 2008
February 2008
SC: 978-0-7851-2614-0
HC: 978-0785126386
5 Deadpool Wolverine: Origins #21–27 December 2008
September 2008
SC: 978-0-7851-2615-7
HC: 978-0785126393
X-Men Original Sin Wolverine: Origins #28–30; X-Men: Original Sin #1; X-Men: Legacy #217–218 August 2009
February 2009
SC: 978-0-7851-2956-1
HC: 978-0785130383
Wolverine: Origins 6 Dark Reign Wolverine: Origins #31–36 December 2009
September 2009
SC: 978-0-7851-3538-8
HC: 978-0785136286
7 Romulus Wolverine: Origins #37–40 April 2010
December 2009
SC: 978-0785135395
HC: 978-0-7851-3629-3
8 Seven the Hard Way Wolverine: Origins #41–45 September 2010
April 2010
SC: 978-0-7851-4649-0
HC: 978-0785146483
9 The Reckoning Wolverine: Origins #46–50; Dark Wolverine #85–87 October 2010 HC: 978-0785139782

Wolverine: First Class[edit]

Title Vol. title Material collected Publication date ISBN
Wolverine: First Class The Rookie Wolverine: First Class #1–4; The Incredible Hulk #181 October 2008 978-0-7851-3316-2
To Russia With Love Wolverine: First Class #5–8; The Uncanny X-Men #139–140 February 2009 978-0-7851-3317-9
Wolverine by Night Wolverine: First Class #9–12 April 2009 978-0-7851-3534-0
Ninjas, Gods and Divas Wolverine: First Class #13–16; X-Men and Power Pack #1 August 2009 978-0-7851-3535-7
Class Actions Wolverine: First Class #17–21 February 2010 978-0-7851-3678-1

Other[edit]

Title Material collected Publication date ISBN
Wolverine Legends, Vol. 2: Meltdown Havok and Wolverine: Meltdown #1–4 March 2003 978-0785110484
Wolverine: Soultaker Wolverine: Soultaker #1–5 August 2005 978-0785115052
Wolverine Legends, Volume 4: Xisle Wolverine: Xisle #1–5 July 2003 978-0785112211
Wolverine: Dangerous Games Wolverine: Deathsong; Wolverine: Dangerous Games; Wolverine: Firebreak; Wolverine: Killing Made Simple; December 2008 978-0785134718
Wolverine: Origin Origin #1–6 March 2006
October 2006
SC: 978-0785137276
HC: 978-0785123286
Wolverine: Origin II Origin II #1–5 August 2014
April 2015
SC: 978-0785190325
HC: 978-0785184812
Wolverine: The End Wolverine: The End #1–6 May 2007 978-0-7851-1349-2
Ultimate Wolverine vs. Hulk Ultimate Wolverine vs. Hulk #1–6 May 2010
October 2009
SC: 978-0785141570
HC: 978-0785140139
Wolverine: Weapon X, Vol. 1: The Adamantium Men Wolverine: Weapon X #1–5; Wolverine vol. 3, #73–74 April 2010
November 2009
SC: 978-0785141112
HC: 978-0785140177
Wolverine: Weapon X, Vol. 2: Insane in the Brain Wolverine: Weapon X #6–10 July 2010
March 2010
SC: 978-0785141129
HC: 978-0785140184
Wolverine: Weapon X, Vol. 3: Tomorrow Dies Today Wolverine: Weapon X #11–16; Dark Reign: The List – Wolverine October 2010
March 2011
SC: 978-0785146513
HC: 978-0785146506
X-Men: Wolverine/Gambit Wolverine/Gambit: Victims #1–4 June 2002
November 2009
SC: 978-0785108962
HC: 978-0785138020
Wolverine: Flies to a Spider Wolverine: Chop Shop; Wolverine: Switchback; Wolverine Holiday Special: Flies to a Spider; Wolverine: Dead Man's Hand August 2009 978-0785135692
Wolverine Noir Wolverine Noir #1–4 May 2010
November 2009
SC: 978-0785135470
HC: 978-0785139454
Weapon X: Days of Future Now Weapon X: Days of Future Now #1–5 February 2006 978-0785117490
Wolverine/Black Cat: Claws Wolverine/Black Cat #1–3 February 2010
February 2007
SC: 978-0785142850
HC: 978-0785118503
Hulk/Wolverine: 6 Hours Hulk/Wolverine: 6 Hours #1–4; The Incredible Hulk #181 May 2003 978-0785111573
Marvel Platinum: The Definitive Wolverine Origin #2; Marvel Comics Presents #79; Incredible Hulk #181;

Uncanny X-Men #109; Wolverine #1–4; Spider-Man vs. Wolverine #1; X-Men #25; Wolverine #75, #145

April 2009 978-1-84653-409-6
Wolverine: Logan Logan #1–3 April 2009
September 2008
SC: 978-0785134145
HC: 978-0785134251

References[edit]

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