Kato (The Green Hornet)

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Kato
Green Hornet character
Art by Aaron Campbell
First appearanceThe Green Hornet (1936)
Created byFran Striker
Portrayed by
In-universe information
GenderMale
ChildrenMulan Kato
PartnershipsThe Green Hornet
Abilities
Martial arts

Kato[a] is a fictional character from The Green Hornet franchise. This character has appeared with the Green Hornet in radio, film, television, book and comic book versions. Kato is the Hornet's assistant and has been played by a number of actors. On radio, Kato was initially played by Raymond Hayashi, then Roland Parker who had the role for most of the run, and in the later years Mickey Tolan and Paul Carnegie.[3] Keye Luke took the role in the movie serials, and in the television series, he was portrayed by Bruce Lee. Jay Chou played Kato in the 2011 Green Hornet film.

Character history[edit]

Kato is Britt Reid's valet, who doubles as The Green Hornet's masked driver and partner to help him in his vigilante adventures, disguised as the activities of a racketeer and his chauffeur/bodyguard/enforcer. According to the storyline, years before the events depicted in the series, Britt Reid saved Kato's life while traveling in the Far East. Depending on the version of the story, this prompts Kato to become Reid's assistant or friend. In the anthology book, The Green Hornet Chronicles from Moonstone Books, author Richard Dean Starr's story "Nothing Gold Can Stay: An Origin Story of Kato" explores the character's background and how he ends up living in America, suggesting that Kato met Britt Reid on a later trip back to his homeland while in search of his mother.

Radio program and nationality[edit]

George W. Trendle, the owner of radio station WXYZ in Michigan first created and produced "The Green Hornet" show in 1936, with the scripts being written by Fran Striker. The show became so popular it ran for nearly two decades and spun off at least two films. This was Trendle and Striker's second big radio hit; their first was "The Lone Ranger".

In the 1936 premiere of the radio program, Kato was presented as being Japanese. By 1939, the invasion of China by the Empire of Japan made this bad for public relations, and from that year until 1945 "Britt Reid's Japanese valet" in the show's opening was then simply identified by the announcer as his "faithful valet".[citation needed] The first of Universal's two movie serials, produced in 1939 but not released to theaters until early 1940, referred in passing to Kato being "a Korean". By 1941, Kato had begun to be referred to as Filipino.[4] A long-standing, but false, urban legend maintained that the switch from one to the other occurred immediately after the 1941 bombing of Pearl Harbor. In serials, Kato was played by Chinese-born American actor Keye Luke.[5] In the 2011 film, Kato (played by Taiwanese Jay Chou) tells Britt Reid that he was born in the Chinese city of Shanghai; Reid replies by saying that he "love[s] Japan".

Television series[edit]

The televised series of "The Green Hornet" was created and produced by William Dozier, the owner of Greenway Productions, for ABC. It ran from September 1966 to March 1967 and was then canceled after that one season. Van Williams played the Green Hornet and Bruce Lee played Kato. Dozier was also the creator of the more popular "Batman" television series. Even though he had the Green Hornet and Kato appear on "Batman" three times, they never acquired a large audience.

It was due in part to Bruce Lee's portrayal of this character that the Green Hornet became more well-known, and that martial arts became more popular in the United States in the 1960s.[6] Indeed, Lee refused to follow the American director's expectation of fisticuff fights and insisted that he be allowed to use his martial arts skills.[7] They became so popular with the audience that Van Williams, who played the Green Hornet, asked to be taught some moves. In a crossover episode of Batman from the same time and companies, Kato has a battle with Robin that ends in a draw (the same thing happens simultaneously with their senior partners). This was in part because Lee refused to participate in a fight that showed Asian-style martial arts being defeated; the original script had the Green Hornet and Kato being beaten by Batman and Robin. The popular impression Lee made at the time is demonstrated by one of the TV series tie-in coloring books produced by Watkins & Strathmore. It is titled Kato's Revenge Featuring the Green Hornet.[8] The Green Hornet's success in Hong Kong, where it was popularly known as The Kato Show, led to Lee starring in the feature films that would make him a pop culture icon. This show launched Bruce Lee's adult television and film career.

In the TV series, Kato (portrayed by Bruce Lee) is not at all a mechanic but a professional servant, a highly skilled driver, and a master of the art of war. In all other versions of the story, he is also a mechanic, with the creations of both the special automobile, the Black Beauty, and the Hornet's trademark sleeping gas and the gun that delivers it attributed to him. In the television series, he also becomes an expert in martial arts, which was implied in the first film serial with his use of a tranquilizing "chop" to the back of a thug's neck.

Comic book adaptations[edit]

All Green Hornet comic book adaptations have included Kato. These were produced by Helnit (later Holyoke), Harvey, Dell and, tied into the television version, Gold Key. Beginning in 1989 one, published by NOW Comics, established a continuity between the different versions of the story. In this comic, the TV/Bruce Lee version of Kato is the son of the Kato from the radio stories and has the given name Hayashi as an homage to the character's first radio actor.[9]

The comic also establishes a new Kato, a much younger half-sister of the television-based character, Mishi. This female Kato also insists on being treated as the Hornet's full partner rather than a sidekick. However, the Green Hornet, Inc., soon withdrew approval and this character was replaced with the 1960s version after Vol. 1, #10.[10] Her removal was explained by having the Kato family company, Nippon Today, needing her automotive designing services at its Zurich, Switzerland facility. Mishi returns in Volume 2, appearing sporadically in the new costumed identity of the Crimson Wasp, on a vendetta against the criminal, Johnny Dollar. She eventually reveals (in The Green Hornet Vol. 2, #s 12 & 13, August & September 1992) that he had been an embezzling executive at the Swiss plant, whose actions she unwittingly began to expose. Consequently, he had murdered her fiancé and his daughter in an attack that also caused the unknowingly pregnant Mishi, the main target, to miscarry.

In #34, July 1994 issue of that run, she appears in her "Hornet's partner" guise one additional time, as the masked Paul Reid attends a gangland meeting; the rules stated that each "boss" is allowed two "boys". During this period, Hayashi becomes romantically involved with District Attorney Diana Reid, daughter of the original Hornet, who even thinks for a while that she conceived his child. In the final issue, Diana discusses their wedding plans with Mishi. In the last two issues, yet another Kato, a nephew to both of these named Kono, is brought in to allow the aging Hayashi to retire from crime-fighting, but the publisher's ceasing of operations prevents much of him being seen. The Bruce Lee-based Kato is also featured in two of his own spin-off miniseries, written by Mike Baron. The first has him defending a Chinese temple, where he studied kung fu, from the Communist government, while in the second he takes the job of bodyguarding a heroin-addicted rock star. A third solo adventure, also by Baron, was announced and promoted first as another miniseries, then as a graphic novel (now subtitled "Dragons in Eden"), but was left unpublished when NOW folded. The line featured one other version of the character.

The three-issue mini-series The Green Hornet: Dark Tomorrow (June–August 1993) is set approximately one hundred years in the future, and has an Asian-American Green Hornet, real name Clayton Reid, who is corrupted by power and truly becomes the crime boss he is supposed to only pretend to be, fighting a Caucasian Kato. Beyond the reversal of ethnicities, the latter adds the claim that he and the future Hornet are cousins, and the art's depiction of this Hornet's unnamed paternal grandparents resembles Paul Reid and Mishi Kato. Although the future Kato is not further identified here, a later "Reid/Kato Family Trees" feature (in The Green Hornet, Vol. 2, #26, October 1993) gives him the first name Luke.

This comic book incarnation gives a degree of official status to a long-standing error about the character, that in his masked identity he is known as Kato. The name is restricted to his private persona in the original radio series, the two movie serials, and most of the television version (there are two slips in this last medium, one on the Batman appearance, the other in the last filmed episode of the Hornet series itself, "Invasion from Outer Space, Part 2"; this story is well out of sync with the rest of the run, and the writer, director, and even the line producer are people with no other credits on the program). But the NOW comic version made a big point of having the masked assistants called Kato, with the woman at one early point telling the equally new Hornet during their first adventure, "While I'm in this funky get-up, call me Kato. It's part of the tradition".[11]

In the Kevin Smith's 2010 revamp of the continuity, Kato is depicted, in modern times, as the elderly but still physically fit valet of the late Britt Reid, killed by a yakuza mobster going by the Black Hornet sobriquet. The elder Kato, in this version a Japanese, forced to act Filipino to avoid the suspicions and the racist charges against his people during WWII, retires his identity along with Britt Reid, and both men decide to devote themselves to their families, respectively raising their offspring Britt Reid Jr. and Mulan Kato.

After Britt Reid's death, Kato returns in America with Mulan, now the second Kato, to act out the Secret Testament of Britt Reid Sr., who wished, in the event of his death, Kato to destroy every Green Hornet paraphernalia still in his possession and whisk Britt Reid Jr. to Japan, for his safety. However, both offspring refuse Reid's and Kato's will: Mulan Kato, now clad in a close variation of her father's original outfit, storms off to confront the Yakuza, and Britt Reid Jr. manages to steal a Green Hornet costume to help her, despite having little training on his own.[12]

As the new Kato, Mulan is a strong, physically fit, silent warrior woman, able to perform amazing feats with uncanny strength and precision.[13] Despite having been shown, in her late teens, as a peppy, lively, cheery social butterfly,[14] the adult Mulan Kato is a darker, brooding character who never speaks (despite physically able to do so, Mulan prefers speaking as little as she can to prevent the much talkative Britt Reid Jr., and seemingly everyone else, from talking back[15]) and shows little, if no interest at all, for any form of socialization, a thing that seems to distress the second Green Hornet, every bit the suave socialite his father was.

In addition, the limited series Green Hornet: Parallel Lives by writer Jai Nitz, served as a prequel to the 2011 Green Hornet film, exploring the backstory for the film's version of Kato.[16]

In 2013, an eight-issue miniseries called Masks brought together famous heroes from the pulp era. It stars The Shadow, the Green Hornet, Kato, The Spider and Zorro, and was written by Chris Roberson with art by Alex Ross and Dennis Calero.[17]

Films[edit]

In 1975, the Taiwanese actor Bruce Li played Kato in Bruce Lee Against Supermen.[18]

A 1994 Hong Kong film, Qing feng xia, starred Kar Lok Chin as a Kato-like masked hero called the Green Hornet (in English subtitles).[19] In one scene, he is reminded of his predecessors, one of whom is represented by a picture of Bruce Lee in his TV Kato costume.[citation needed].

Sony Pictures announced plans for a feature film of the superhero in 2008. Released on January 14, 2011,[20] the film starred Seth Rogen, who took on writing duties along with Superbad co-writer Evan Goldberg. Stephen Chow had originally signed to play Kato,[21] but then dropped out.[22] Taiwanese actor Jay Chou replaced Chow as Kato for the film.[23] In this version, Kato is Chinese and grew up as a poor runaway from his orphanage in Shanghai. He was originally employed by Britt Reid's father James as a car mechanic (also making his coffee with a specially-designed machine he had created for the purpose) before joining Britt on the steps that lead to him becoming the Green Hornet as Britt concluded that they had both been wasting their potential. Kato's martial art skills in this version of the series are so exceptional that he claims that time literally slows down for him when he gets an adrenaline rush in a dangerous situation, as well as his traditional role as mechanic and driver. Although he and Britt have a temporary falling-out when they argue over their respective importance to the "Green Hornet" concept - Kato acting as the actual action man of the Hornet while Britt is the public face as Kato is too fast for any cameras to see him - they patch up their differences in time to destroy the gang of crime lord Chudnofsky.

In 2016, Paramount Pictures and Chernin Entertainment acquired the rights to The Green Hornet and started preliminary work on developing a reboot with Gavin O'Connor attached to produce and direct the film and Sean O'Keefe as writer.[24] In 2020, Amasia Entertainment has gained the rights of the Green Hornet[25] and officially teamed with Universal Pictures for the reboot titled Green Hornet and Kato.[26]

Video games[edit]

Kato appears in The Green Hornet: Wheels of Justice (2010) for iPhone, based on the film.[27]

In other popular culture[edit]

Art, entertainment, and media[edit]

  • Black Mask is a 1996 Hong Kong action film starring Jet Li. The film is an adaptation of the 1992 manhua Black Mask by Li Chi-Tak.[33] In the film, in homage to The Green Hornet, Black Mask wears a domino mask and chauffeur's cap in the same style as Kato from the series.[34] The Black Mask is even compared to Kato in one scene. In 2002, it was followed by a sequel, Black Mask 2: City of Masks starring Andy On.
  • The 2003 film Kill Bill: Volume 1 uses Billy May's theme from the 1960s television series in a sequence where the Bride goes to Tokyo in search of O-Ren Ishii. The Crazy 88 wear masks resembling Bruce Lee's Kato mask.
  • In the film Legend of the Fist: The Return of Chen Zhen, released late September 2010 in Asia and early 2011 in the United States, there is a large feature of the Green Hornet. The subplot consist of the main character Chen Zhen (played by Donnie Yen) dressing up as a mask vigilante (based on Kato) to stop Japanese assassinations and to protect the people.[35] The director has mentioned that since Bruce Lee played both Chen Zhen (in the 1972 film Fist of Fury) and Kato (in the 1960s television series The Green Hornet) before, the film was a tribute and dedication to Lee.[36]
  • In 2016, Season 6 of The Venture Bros. introduces parody characters of Green Hornet and Kato from 1960s television series in the form of the masked crime-fighter Blue Morpho and his assistant Kano in a flashback, the latter having later become a member of the original Team Venture. It is also revealed that Blue Morpho was the father of the orphaned villain The Monarch, and he and Henchman 21 later take on the roles of the Blue Morpho and Kano respectively.[37]
  • The 2019 film Once Upon a Time in Hollywood has a flashback scene in which stuntman Cliff Booth (Brad Pitt) has a confrontation with Bruce Lee (played by Mike Moh in full Kato gear) on the set of The Green Hornet. In the scene, an impromptu two-out-of-three martial arts match between Booth and Lee takes place, with both men winning one match, but the fight is broken up before the deciding match can finish.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ /ˈkt/, KAY-toe; Chinese: 加藤, Japanese: カトー

References[edit]

  1. ^ Striker, Frank (1940). The Green Hornet Strikes!. Whitman Publishing Company. p. 90.
  2. ^ Pollard, Maxwell (October 1967). "Is "The Green Hornet's" version of Gung-Fui genuine?". Black Belt: 14–18.
  3. ^ Harmon, Jim, Radio Mystery and Adventure and Its Appearances in Film, Television and Other Media, McFarland & Company, Inc., 1992.
  4. ^ radio episode "Walkout for Profit" The Green Hornet Collection, Volume 2, Tape 1, Side B, Wireless, 1995 (original airdate: June 21, 1941, Blue Network)).
  5. ^ Lidz, Franz (January 7, 2011). "Float Like a Franchise, Sting Like a ..." The New York Times. Retrieved January 10, 2011.
  6. ^ Boucher, Geoff (July 23, 2010). "Getting 'The Green Hornet' off the ground". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 13, 2010.
  7. ^ "Bruce Lee Steals the Show in 'The Green Hornet'" American Heritage Center Blog https://ahcwyo.org/2020/03/16/bruce-lee-steals-the-show-in-the-green-hornet/
  8. ^ Bonnet, Jean Pierre, "The Buzz Word" (letter to the editor), The Green Hornet, Vol. 2, # 18, February 1993, NOW Comics.
  9. ^ Murray, Will, "Where Hornets Swarm", Comics Scene, No. 9, October 1989, Starlog Communications International, Inc., p.42.
  10. ^ Piron, Diane, "The Buzz Word" (letter column), The Green Hornet, Vol. 1, No. 13, November 1990.
  11. ^ The Green Hornet, Vol. 1, No. 7, May 1990, NOW Comics, p. 7.
  12. ^ Green Hornet No. 3 (2010)
  13. ^ Green Hornet No. 2 (2010)
  14. ^ Kato No. 1 (2010)
  15. ^ Kato No. 5 (2010)
  16. ^ Sunu, Steve (May 20, 2010). "Nitz Separates "Green Hornet: Parallel Lives"". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved December 25, 2010.
  17. ^ "Masks". Comic Vine. 2013. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
  18. ^ Spinegrinder: The Movies Most Critics Won't Write about at Google Books
  19. ^ Ching, Gene. "Channeling Kato: Jay Chou dons the iconic mask in GREEN HORNET". Kung Fu Magazine. Archived from the original on November 27, 2019. Retrieved January 22, 2011.
  20. ^ "The Green Hornet". Box Office Mojo.
  21. ^ Sperling, Nicole (September 19, 2008). "'The Green Hornet': Asian comedy star Stephen Chow to play Kato and direct". Entertainment Weekly.
  22. ^ Connelly, Brendon (July 11, 2009). "Kato Casting Call Kicks Chow To The Curb?". Slash Film. Archived from the original on May 25, 2010. Retrieved December 25, 2010.
  23. ^ Wallace, Lewis (August 7, 2009). "Green Hornet Gets Its Kato: Asian Pop Star Jay Chou". Wired. Retrieved November 2, 2010.
  24. ^ Fleming, Mike Jr. (November 15, 2016). "Badass 'Green Hornet'? Paramount, Chernin Set Gavin O'Connor For Movie". Deadline.
  25. ^ Boucher, Geoff (January 29, 2020). "'The Green Hornet': Amasia Chief Is All Abuzz About Superhero Acquisition". Deadline.
  26. ^ Kit, Borys (April 16, 2020). "'Green Hornet and Kato' Feature in the Works From Universal and Amasia Entertainment". The Hollywood Reporter.
  27. ^ "The Green Hornet: Wheels of Justice". IGN. Retrieved June 15, 2023.
  28. ^ "Aretha Franklin - Save Me Lyrics". Genius. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
  29. ^ Decaro, Frank (August 5, 2007). "Another Caped Crusader, Super Tongue in Cheek". The New York Times. Retrieved January 10, 2011.
  30. ^ Galbraith, Jane (May 16, 1993). "Green Hornet Pays Homage to His Kato". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 10, 2011.
  31. ^ Galbraith, Jane (May 16, 1993). "A Look inside Hollywood and the movies : Cameo Corner : Green Hornet Pays Homage to His Kato". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 7, 2010.
  32. ^ Ching, Gene. "Channeling Kato: Jay Chou dons the iconic mask in GREEN HORNET". Kung Fu Magazine. Retrieved January 22, 2011.
  33. ^ "THIS WEEK IN COMICS! (6/4/14 – Springtime Languor) |". The Comics Journal. June 3, 2014. Retrieved March 21, 2021.
  34. ^ Burrows, Laura (October 1, 2008). "Black Mask Blu-Ray Review". IGN. Retrieved February 9, 2022.
  35. ^ Brown, Todd (June 29, 2010). "Donnie Yen Has A Question For The Makers Of THE GREEN HORNET: Why Did You Bother?". Screen Anarchy.
  36. ^ Yip Wai Yee (September 22, 2010). "Bruce Lee tribute". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on January 19, 2011.
  37. ^ Gaudette, Emily (February 22, 2016). "The Venture Bros." the Monarch Is Officially Dead, Long Live Blue Morpho". Inverse. Retrieved August 26, 2018.

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